The fear of simulation: scientific authority in late 19th-century French disputes over hypnotism

Hajek, Kim M. (2015) The fear of simulation: scientific authority in late 19th-century French disputes over hypnotism. History of Science, 53 3: 237-263. doi:10.1177/0073275315580959


Author Hajek, Kim M.
Title The fear of simulation: scientific authority in late 19th-century French disputes over hypnotism
Journal name History of Science   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0073-2753
1753-8564
Publication date 2015-09
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0073275315580959
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 53
Issue 3
Start page 237
End page 263
Total pages 27
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This article interrogates the way/s in which rival schools studying hypnotism in late 19th-century France framed what counts as valid evidence for the purposes of science. Concern over the scientific reality of results is particularly situated in the notion of simulation (the faking of results); the respective approaches to simulation of the Salpêtrière and Nancy schools are analysed through close reading of key texts: Binet and Féré for the Salpêtrière, and Bernheim for Nancy. The article reveals a striking divergence between their scientific frames, which helps account for the bitterness of the schools’ disputes. It then explores Bernheim’s construction of scientific authority in more detail, for insights into the messiness entailed by theorizing hypnotism in psychical terms, while also attempting to retain scientific legitimacy. Indicative of this messiness, it is argued, is the way in which Bernheim’s (apparently inconsistent) approach draws on multiple epistemic frames.
Keyword Hypnotism
Simulation
19th-century France
Binet and Fere
Bernheim
Scientific reality
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mathematics and Physics
Official 2016 Collection
 
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