An investigation of emotion recognition and theory of mind in people with chronic heart failure

Habota, Tina, McLennan, Skye N., Cameron, Jan, Ski, Chantal F., Thompson, David R. and Rendell, Peter G. (2015) An investigation of emotion recognition and theory of mind in people with chronic heart failure. PLoS One, 10 11: . doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0141607


Author Habota, Tina
McLennan, Skye N.
Cameron, Jan
Ski, Chantal F.
Thompson, David R.
Rendell, Peter G.
Title An investigation of emotion recognition and theory of mind in people with chronic heart failure
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2015-11-03
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0141607
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 10
Issue 11
Total pages 13
Place of publication San Francisco, CA, United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objectives

Cognitive deficits are common in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), but no study has investigated whether these deficits extend to social cognition. The present study provided the first empirical assessment of emotion recognition and theory of mind (ToM) in patients with CHF. In addition, it assessed whether each of these social cognitive constructs was associated with more general cognitive impairment.

Methods

A group comparison design was used, with 31 CHF patients compared to 38 demographically matched controls. The Ekman Faces test was used to assess emotion recognition, and the Mind in the Eyes test to measure ToM. Measures assessing global cognition, executive functions, and verbal memory were also administered.

Results

There were no differences between groups on emotion recognition or ToM. The CHF group’s performance was poorer on some executive measures, but memory was relatively preserved. In the CHF group, both emotion recognition performance and ToM ability correlated moderately with global cognition (r = .38, p = .034; r = .49, p = .005, respectively), but not with executive function or verbal memory.

Conclusion

CHF patients with lower cognitive ability were more likely to have difficulty recognizing emotions and inferring the mental states of others. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 12 Nov 2015, 11:30:22 EST by Vicki Percival on behalf of School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work