Familiarity with music increases walking speed in rhythmic auditory cueing

Leow, Li-Ann, Rinchon, Cricia and Grahn, Jessica (2015) Familiarity with music increases walking speed in rhythmic auditory cueing. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1337 The Neurosciences and Music V: 53-61. doi:10.1111/nyas.12658

Author Leow, Li-Ann
Rinchon, Cricia
Grahn, Jessica
Title Familiarity with music increases walking speed in rhythmic auditory cueing
Journal name Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0077-8923
Publication date 2015-03
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/nyas.12658
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 1337
Issue The Neurosciences and Music V
Start page 53
End page 61
Total pages 9
Place of publication Hoboken NJ, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) is a gait rehabilitation method in which patients synchronize footsteps to a metronome or musical beats. Although RAS with music can ameliorate gait abnormalities, outcomes vary, possibly because music properties, such as groove or familiarity, differ across interventions. To optimize future interventions, we assessed how initially familiar and unfamiliar low-groove and high-groove music affected synchronization accuracy and gait in healthy individuals. We also experimentally increased music familiarity using repeated exposure to initially unfamiliar songs. Overall, familiar music elicited faster stride velocity and less variable strides, as well as better synchronization performance (matching of step tempo to beat tempo). High-groove music, as reported previously, led to faster stride velocity than low-groove music. We propose two mechanisms for familiarity's effects. First, familiarity with the beat structure reduces cognitive demands of synchronizing, leading to better synchronization performance and faster, less variable gait. Second, familiarity might have elicited faster gait by increasing enjoyment of the music, as enjoyment was higher after repeated exposure to initially low-enjoyment songs. Future studies are necessary to dissociate the contribution of these mechanisms to the observed RAS effects of familiar music on gait.
Keyword Familiarity
Rhythmic auditory stimulation
Gait rehabilitation
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Created: Wed, 11 Nov 2015, 14:44:23 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences