Implicit identification with drug and alcohol use predicts retention in residential rehabilitation programs

Wolff, Nathan, von Hippel, Courtney, Brener, Loren and von Hippel, William (2015) Implicit identification with drug and alcohol use predicts retention in residential rehabilitation programs. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 29 1: 136-141. doi:10.1037/adb0000004


Author Wolff, Nathan
von Hippel, Courtney
Brener, Loren
von Hippel, William
Title Implicit identification with drug and alcohol use predicts retention in residential rehabilitation programs
Journal name Psychology of Addictive Behaviors   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1939-1501
0893-164X
Publication date 2015-03-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/adb0000004
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 29
Issue 1
Start page 136
End page 141
Total pages 6
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher Educational Publishing Foundation
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Research has identified numerous factors associated with successful treatment in alcohol and drug rehabilitation programs, yet treatment completion rates are often low and subsequent relapse rates very high. We propose that people’s implicit identification with drugs and alcohol may be an additional factor that impacts their ability to complete abstinence-based rehabilitation programs. In the current research, we measured implicit identification with drugs and alcohol using the Implicit Association Test (Greenwald, McGhee, & Schwartz, 1998) among 137 members of a residential rehabilitation program for drugs and alcohol (104 men; mean age = 35 years old, 47 of whom were court-ordered to attend). Implicit identification with drugs and alcohol was measured within 1 week of arrival and again 3 weeks later, prior to the onset of the treatment phase of the program. Duration in rehabilitation was assessed 1 year later. Consistent with predictions, implicit identification with drugs and alcohol predicted the duration that people remained in residential rehabilitation even though a self-report measure of identification with drugs and alcohol did not. These results suggest that implicit identification with drugs and alcohol might be an important predictor of treatment outcomes, even among those with serious problems with drug and alcohol use.
Keyword Substance use
Implicit self-concept
Residential rehabilitation
Drugs and alcohol
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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