Inclusion of small indigenous fish improves nutritional quality during the first 1000 days

Bogard, Jessica R., Hother, Anne-Louise, Saha, Manika, Bose, Sanjoy, Kabir, Humayun, Marks, Geoffrey C. and Thilsted, Shakuntala Haraksingh (2015) Inclusion of small indigenous fish improves nutritional quality during the first 1000 days. Food and Nutrition Bulletin, 36 3: 276-289. doi:10.1177/0379572115598885

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Author Bogard, Jessica R.
Hother, Anne-Louise
Saha, Manika
Bose, Sanjoy
Kabir, Humayun
Marks, Geoffrey C.
Thilsted, Shakuntala Haraksingh
Title Inclusion of small indigenous fish improves nutritional quality during the first 1000 days
Journal name Food and Nutrition Bulletin   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0379-5721
Publication date 2015-09-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/0379572115598885
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 36
Issue 3
Start page 276
End page 289
Total pages 14
Place of publication Boston, MA, United States
Publisher International Nutrition Foundation
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Within food-based approaches to improve nutrition during the first 1000 days of life, improved formulations of food products and the use of animal source foods, such as fish, are 2 widely cited strategies; however, there are few examples where the 2 strategies are combined. Furthermore, although small indigenous fish are highly nutritious and available to the poor in many regions of the world, their importance is often overlooked.

Objective: To document the development of 2 nutritious fish-based food products in Bangladesh: a chutney for pregnant and lactating women (PLW) and a complementary food (CF) for infants and young children (6-23 months), including potential contributions to recommended or desirable nutrient intakes in the first 1000 days, processing methods, and nutrient composition.

Methods: Local nutrient-rich ingredients and simple processing methods based on traditional knowledge (for the chutney), and a literature review (for the CF), were selected and trial batches produced. Products were analyzed for nutrient composition using standard analytical procedures and results compared with recommended or desirable nutrient intakes for women and children.

Results: Both products could contribute significantly to micronutrient intakes of PLW (24% of iron and 35% of calcium recommended intakes) and macro- and micronutrient intake of infants and young children (≥65% of vitamin A, ≥61% of zinc, and 41% of iron desirable intakes) when consumed in the proposed serving size.

Conclusion: Inclusion of small indigenous fish as an underutilized animal source food in combination with other local nutrient-rich ingredients in food products represents a promising food-based strategy to improve nutrition, with many additional potential benefits for communities involved in production, and therefore warrants further investigation.
Keyword 1000 days
Animal source food
Complementary food
Fish-based food products
Infants and young children
Local nutrient-rich ingredients
Pregnant and lactating women
Small indigenous fish species
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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