Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to insufficient physical activity

Olsen, Catherine M., Wilson, Louise F., Nagle, Christina M., Kendall, Bradley J., Bain, Christopher J., Pandeya, Nirmala, Webb, Penelope M. and Whiteman, David C. (2015) Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to insufficient physical activity. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39 5: 458-463. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12469


Author Olsen, Catherine M.
Wilson, Louise F.
Nagle, Christina M.
Kendall, Bradley J.
Bain, Christopher J.
Pandeya, Nirmala
Webb, Penelope M.
Whiteman, David C.
Title Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to insufficient physical activity
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1753-6405
1326-0200
Publication date 2015-10-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12469
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 39
Issue 5
Start page 458
End page 463
Total pages 6
Place of publication Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Subject 2739 Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Formatted abstract
Objectives: To estimate the proportion and numbers of cancers occurring in Australia in 2010 attributable to insufficient levels of physical activity.

Methods: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) of cancers causally associated with insufficient physical activity (colon, post-menopausal breast and endometrium) using standard formulae incorporating prevalence of insufficient physical activity (<60 minutes at least 5 days/week), relative risks associated with physical activity and cancer incidence. We also estimated the proportion change in cancer incidence (potential impact fraction [PIF]) that may have occurred assuming that everyone with insufficient activity levels increased their exercise by 30 minutes/week.

Results: An estimated 1,814 cases of colon, post-menopausal breast and endometrial cancer were attributable to insufficient levels of physical activity: 707 (6.5%) colon; 971 (7.8%) post-menopausal breast; and 136 (6.0%) endometrial cancers. If those exercising below the recommended level had increased their activity level by 30 minutes/week, we estimate 314 fewer cancers (17% of those attributable to insufficient physical activity) would have occurred in 2010.

Conclusions: More than 1,500 cancers were attributable to insufficient levels of physical activity in the Australian population.
Keyword Population attributable fraction
Cancerexercise
Risk factor
Potential impact fraction
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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