Markers for routine assessment of fatigue and recovery in male and female team sport athletes during high-intensity interval training

Wiewelhove, Thimo, Raeder, Christian, Meyer, Tim, Kellmann, Michael, Pfeiffer, Mark and Ferrauti, Alexander (2015) Markers for routine assessment of fatigue and recovery in male and female team sport athletes during high-intensity interval training. PLoS One, 10 10: 1-17. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139801


Author Wiewelhove, Thimo
Raeder, Christian
Meyer, Tim
Kellmann, Michael
Pfeiffer, Mark
Ferrauti, Alexander
Title Markers for routine assessment of fatigue and recovery in male and female team sport athletes during high-intensity interval training
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2015-10-07
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0139801
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 10
Issue 10
Start page 1
End page 17
Total pages 17
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim

Our study aimed to investigate changes of different markers for routine assessment of fatigue and recovery in response to high-intensity interval training (HIIT).

Methods

22 well-trained male and female team sport athletes (age, 23.0 ± 2.7 years; V̇O2max, 57.6 ± 8.6 mL·min·kg−1) participated in a six-day running-based HIIT-microcycle with a total of eleven HIIT sessions. Repeated sprint ability (RSA; criterion measure of fatigue and recovery), countermovement jump (CMJ) height, jump efficiency in a multiple rebound jump test (MRJ), 20-m sprint performance, muscle contractile properties, serum concentrations of creatinkinase (CK), c-reactive protein (CRP) and urea as well as perceived muscle soreness (DOMS) were measured pre and post the training program as well as after 72 h of recovery.

Results

Following the microcycle significant changes (p < 0.05) in RSA as well as in CMJ and MRJ performance could be observed, showing a decline (%Δ ± 90% confidence limits, ES = effect size; RSA: -3.8 ± 1.0, ES = -1.51; CMJ: 8.4 ± 2.9, ES = -1.35; MRJ: 17.4 ± 4.5, ES = -1.60) and a return to baseline level (RSA: 2.8 ± 2.6, ES = 0.53; CMJ: 4.1 ± 2.9, ES = 0.68; MRJ: 6.5 ± 4.5, ES = 0.63) after 72 h of recovery. Athletes also demonstrated significant changes (p < 0.05) in muscle contractile properties, CK, and DOMS following the training program and after the recovery period. In contrast, CRP and urea remained unchanged throughout the study. Further analysis revealed that the accuracy of markers for assessment of fatigue and recovery in comparison to RSA derived from a contingency table was insufficient. Multiple regression analysis also showed no correlations between changes in RSA and any of the markers.

Conclusions

Mean changes in measures of neuromuscular function, CK and DOMS are related to HIIT induced fatigue and subsequent recovery. However, low accuracy of a single or combined use of these markers requires the verification of their applicability on an individual basis.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
School of Psychology Publications
 
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