Filling historical data gaps to foster solutions in marine conservation

Thurstan, R. H., McClenachan, L., Crowder, L. B., Drew, J. A., Kittinger, J. N., Levin, P. S., Roberts, C.,M. and Pandolfi, J. M. (2015) Filling historical data gaps to foster solutions in marine conservation. Ocean and Coastal Management, 115 31-40. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.04.019

Author Thurstan, R. H.
McClenachan, L.
Crowder, L. B.
Drew, J. A.
Kittinger, J. N.
Levin, P. S.
Roberts, C.,M.
Pandolfi, J. M.
Title Filling historical data gaps to foster solutions in marine conservation
Journal name Ocean and Coastal Management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0964-5691
Publication date 2015-10-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2015.04.019
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 115
Start page 31
End page 40
Total pages 10
Place of publication Bromley, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Ecological data sets rarely extend back more than a few decades, limiting our understanding of environmental change and its drivers. Marine historical ecology has played a critical role in filling these data gaps by illuminating the magnitude and rate of ongoing changes in marine ecosystems. Yet despite a growing body of knowledge, historical insights are rarely explicitly incorporated in mainstream conservation and management efforts. Failing to consider historical change can have major implications for conservation, such as the ratcheting down of expectations of ecosystem quality over time, leading to less ambitious targets for recovery or restoration. We discuss several unconventional sources used by historical ecologists to fill data gaps – including menus, newspaper articles, cookbooks, museum collections, artwork, benthic sediment cores – and novel techniques for their analysis. We specify opportunities for the integration of historical data into conservation and management, and highlight the important role that these data can play in filling conservation data gaps and motivating conservation actions. As historical marine ecology research continues to grow as a multidisciplinary enterprise, great opportunities remain to foster direct linkages to conservation and improve the outlook for marine ecosystems.
Keyword Coastal management
Historical ecology
Marine ecology
Qualitative data
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
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