The effectiveness of self-talk cues as an intervention for golfers with the putting yips

Marshall, Dave VJ (2014). The effectiveness of self-talk cues as an intervention for golfers with the putting yips Master's Thesis, School of Psychology, The University of Queensland.

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Author Marshall, Dave VJ
Thesis Title The effectiveness of self-talk cues as an intervention for golfers with the putting yips
School, Centre or Institute School of Psychology
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 2014-09-15
Thesis type Master's Thesis
Supervisor Stephanie Hanrahan
Total pages 62
Language eng
Subjects 1701 Psychology
Abstract/Summary The detrimental effects of anxiety on performance in sport are often conceptualised as choking under pressure or paradoxical performance. A particular form of choking manifests in golf putting known as the ‘yips’ and is characterised by the experience of spasms, tremors, or uncontrolled jerks. This study examined the effects of a Self-Talk (ST) intervention on golfers and anxiety and the subsequent influence on putting performances. Seven amateur golfers were divided into 3 groups (control and two experimental groups) and completed a 10 session ST intervention involving simulated putting. Ratings of anxiety as measured by the three subscales of the CSAI-2R (somatic anxiety, cognitive anxiety, and self-confidence; Cox, Martens, & Russell, 2003) were obtained pre- and post-intervention. Additionally, participants provided previous instances of experiencing the yips as well as subsequent performances on putting during competitions. Results indicate statistical significance between the three groups with improvements in the putting performance of the instructional ST group, followed by the motivational ST group, then the control group. There was no statistical difference found in the reduction of yips-like symptoms nor an improvement in putting performances of the two participants who played in excess of four competitive rounds during the study. However, the participant in the motivational ST group reported a clinically significant reduction of yips-like symptoms (from an average of 4 to 0) and a reduction of putting performances (from an average of 35.3 putts to 33 putts), when playing competitively. Finally, there were no significant differences found pre- and post-study in any of the three anxiety sub-scales.
Keyword Golf

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Created: Fri, 23 Oct 2015, 10:11:59 EST by Danico Jones on behalf of School of Psychology