Childhood homelessness and adult employment: the role of education, incarceration, and welfare receipt

Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. and Zhu, Anna (2015). Childhood homelessness and adult employment: the role of education, incarceration, and welfare receipt. LCC Working Paper Series 2015-22, Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland.

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Author Cobb-Clark, Deborah A.
Zhu, Anna
Title Childhood homelessness and adult employment: the role of education, incarceration, and welfare receipt
School, Department or Centre Institute for Social Science Research
Institution The University of Queensland
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Series LCC Working Paper Series
Report Number 2015-22
Publication date 2015-10
Total pages 30
Language eng
Formatted abstract
This paper analyzes children’s long-term consequences of experiencing homelessness. Our primary goal is to assess the importance of the potential pathways linking childhood homelessness to adult employment. We use novel panel data that link survey and administrative data for a sample of disadvantaged adults who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. We find that those experiencing homelessness for the first time as children are less likely to be employed than those who were never homeless as a child. For women, this relationship is largely explained by the lower educational attainment and higher welfare receipt (both in general and in the form of mental illness-related disability payments) of those experiencing childhood homelessness. Higher rates of high school incompletion and incarceration explain some of the link between childhood homelessness and men’s employment, however, childhood homelessness continues to have a substantial direct effect on male employment rates.
Keyword Employment
Homelessness
Welfare receipt
Education
Incarceration
Institutional Status Non-UQ

 
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Created: Tue, 20 Oct 2015, 20:51:33 EST by Francisco Paco Perales on behalf of Institute for Social Science Research