Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to modifiable factors: Introduction and overview

Whiteman, David C., Webb, Penelope M., Green, Adele C., Neale, Rachel E., Fritschi, Lin, Bain, Christopher J., Parkin D. Max, Wilson, Louise F., Olsen, Catherine M., Nagle, Christina M., Pandeya, Nirmala, Jordan, Susan J., Antonsson, Annika, Kendall, Bradley J., Hughes, Maria Celia B., Ibiebele, Torukiri I., Miura, Kyoko, Peters, Susan and Carey, Renee N. (2015) Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to modifiable factors: Introduction and overview. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 39 5: 403-407. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12468

Author Whiteman, David C.
Webb, Penelope M.
Green, Adele C.
Neale, Rachel E.
Fritschi, Lin
Bain, Christopher J.
Parkin D. Max
Wilson, Louise F.
Olsen, Catherine M.
Nagle, Christina M.
Pandeya, Nirmala
Jordan, Susan J.
Antonsson, Annika
Kendall, Bradley J.
Hughes, Maria Celia B.
Ibiebele, Torukiri I.
Miura, Kyoko
Peters, Susan
Carey, Renee N.
Title Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to modifiable factors: Introduction and overview
Journal name Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1326-0200
Publication date 2015-10-01
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/1753-6405.12468
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 39
Issue 5
Start page 403
End page 407
Total pages 5
Place of publication Richmond, Victoria, Australia
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To describe the approach underpinning a national project to estimate the numbers and proportions of cancers occurring in Australia in 2010 that are attributable to modifiable causal factors.

Methods: We estimated the population attributable fraction (PAF) (or prevented fraction) of cancers associated with exposure to causal (or preventive) factors using standard formulae. Where possible, we also estimated the potential impact on cancer incidence resulting from changes in prevalence of exposure. Analyses were restricted to factors declared causal by international agencies: tobacco smoke; alcohol; solar radiation; infectious agents; obesity; insufficient physical activity; insufficient intakes of fruits, vegetables and fibre; red and processed meat; menopausal hormone therapy (MHT); oral contraceptive pill (OCP); and insufficient breast feeding. Separately, we estimated numbers of cancers prevented by: aspirin; sunscreen; MHT; and OCP use. We discuss assumptions pertaining to latent periods between exposure and cancer onset, choices of prevalence data and risk estimates, and approaches to sensitivity analyses.

Results: Numbers and population attributable fractions of cancer are presented in accompanying papers.

Conclusions: This is the first systematic assessment of population attributable fractions of cancer in Australia.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
School of Medicine Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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