Promoting diet and physical activity in nurses: a systematic review

Torquati, Luciana, Pavey, Toby, Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy and Leveritt, Michael (2016) Promoting diet and physical activity in nurses: a systematic review. American Journal of Health Promotion, . doi:10.4278/ajhp.141107-LIT-562

Author Torquati, Luciana
Pavey, Toby
Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy
Leveritt, Michael
Title Promoting diet and physical activity in nurses: a systematic review
Journal name American Journal of Health Promotion   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0890-1171
Publication date 2016
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4278/ajhp.141107-LIT-562
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Total pages 9
Place of publication Troy, MI United States
Publisher American Journal of Health Promotion
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective. To systematically review the effectiveness of intervention studies promoting diet and physical activity (PA) in nurses.

Data Source. English language manuscripts published between 1970 and 2014 in PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, and EMBASE, as well as those accessed with the PICO tool, were reviewed.

Study Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria. Inclusion criteria comprised (1) nurses/student nurses working in a health care setting and (2) interventions where PA and/or diet behaviors were the primary outcome. Exclusion criteria were (1) non–peer-reviewed articles or conference abstracts and (2) interventions focused on treatment of chronic conditions or lifestyle factors other than PA or diet in nurses.

Data Extraction. Seventy-one full texts were retrieved and assessed for inclusion by two reviewers. Data were extracted by one reviewer and checked for accuracy by a second reviewer.

Data Synthesis. Extracted data were synthesized in a tabular format and narrative summary.

Results. Nine (n = 737 nurses) studies met the inclusion criteria. Quality of the studies was low to moderate. Four studies reported an increase in self-reported PA through structured exercise and goal setting. Dietary outcomes were generally positive, but were only measured in three studies with some limitations in the assessment methods. Two studies reported improved body composition without significant changes in diet or PA.

Conclusions. Outcomes of interventions to change nurses' PA and diet behavior are promising, but inconsistent. Additional and higher quality interventions that include objective and validated outcome measures and appropriate process evaluation are required.
Keyword Systematic Reviews
Health Promotion
Physical Activity
Manuscript format: research
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes In Press

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Wed, 14 Oct 2015, 12:46:04 EST by Sandrine Ducrot on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences