Air pollution and fasting blood glucose: a longitudinal study in China

Chen, Linping, Zhou, Yong, Li, Shanshan, Williams, Gail, Kan, Haidong, Marks, Guy B., Morawska, Lidia, Abramson, Michael J., Chen, Shuohua, Yao, Taicheng, Qin, Tianbang, Wu, Shouling and Guo, Yuming (2016) Air pollution and fasting blood glucose: a longitudinal study in China. Science of The Total Environment, 541 2016: 750-755. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.132


Author Chen, Linping
Zhou, Yong
Li, Shanshan
Williams, Gail
Kan, Haidong
Marks, Guy B.
Morawska, Lidia
Abramson, Michael J.
Chen, Shuohua
Yao, Taicheng
Qin, Tianbang
Wu, Shouling
Guo, Yuming
Title Air pollution and fasting blood glucose: a longitudinal study in China
Journal name Science of The Total Environment   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0048-9697
1879-1026
Publication date 2016-10-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.09.132
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 541
Issue 2016
Start page 750
End page 755
Total pages 6
Place of publication Amsterdam, Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2017
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Limited studies have examined the associations between air pollutants [particles with diameters of 10 μm or less (PM10), sulphur dioxide (SO2), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2)] and fasting blood glucose (FBG). We collected data for 27,685 participants who were followed during 2006 and 2008. Generalized Estimating Equation models were used to examine the effects of air pollutants on FBG while controlling for potential confounders. We found that increased exposure to NO2, SO2 and PM10 was significantly associated with increased FBG levels in single pollutant models (p < 0.001). For exposure to 4 days' average of concentrations, a 100 μg/m3 increase in SO2, NO2, and PM10 was associated with 0.17 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.15–0.19), 0.53 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.42–0.65), and 0.11 mmol/L (95% CI: 0.07–0.15) increase in FBG, respectively. In the multi-pollutant models, the effects of SO2 were enhanced, while the effects of NO2 and PM10 were alleviated. The effects of air pollutants on FBG were stronger in female, elderly, and overweight people than in male, young and underweight people. In conclusion, the findings suggest that air pollution increases the levels of FBG. Vulnerable people should pay more attention on highly polluted days to prevent air pollution-related health issues.
Keyword Air pollution
Fasting Blood Glucose
Diabetes
Particles
Sulphur dioxide
Nitrogen dioxide
Cohort study
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Tue, 13 Oct 2015, 13:08:06 EST by Yuming Guo on behalf of School of Public Health