Identifying a context-effective school hearing screening test: An emic/etic framework

Cloete, Tracey-Lee, Wilson, Wayne J., Petersen, Lucretia and Kathard, Harsha (2015) Identifying a context-effective school hearing screening test: An emic/etic framework. International Journal of Audiology, 54 9: 605-612. doi:10.3109/14992027.2015.1014575


Author Cloete, Tracey-Lee
Wilson, Wayne J.
Petersen, Lucretia
Kathard, Harsha
Title Identifying a context-effective school hearing screening test: An emic/etic framework
Journal name International Journal of Audiology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1708-8186
1499-2027
Publication date 2015-03-13
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.3109/14992027.2015.1014575
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 54
Issue 9
Start page 605
End page 612
Total pages 8
Place of publication Abingdon, Oxfordshire, United Kingdom
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To identify a context-effective hearing screening test for primary schools in the Western Cape, South Africa using an emic-etic framework for test selection. Design: A sequential mixed methods design was used to: (1) Identify test properties needed to successfully screen hearing in primary school children in the Western Cape, (2) select the hearing screening test most likely to succeed in this context, and (3) assess the use of the test in context. Study sample: Three nurses, two nursing assistants, two paediatric audiologists, and 100 grade-one children participated. Results: Distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) were identified as the test most likely to succeed as a hearing screening test in primary school children in the Western Cape. While school nurses were able to successfully apply OAE testing in this context, its sensitivity to hearing loss in these children was 57.14%. Conclusions: The sensitivity would need to be improved before OAE testing could be used as a context-effective screening test for primary school children in the Western Cape. The study demonstrated the value of collaborative program planning using an emic-etic framework to ensure that screening tests are contextually appropriate.
Keyword School hearing screening
otoacoustic emissions
emic/etic framework
contextual relevance
context-effective
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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