Suicidality among adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and firesetting: The role of psychosocial characteristics and reasons for living

Tanner, Alicia K., Hasking, Penelope and Martin, Graham (2015) Suicidality among adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and firesetting: The role of psychosocial characteristics and reasons for living. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, 9 33: . doi:10.1186/s13034-015-0068-1


Author Tanner, Alicia K.
Hasking, Penelope
Martin, Graham
Title Suicidality among adolescents engaging in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and firesetting: The role of psychosocial characteristics and reasons for living
Journal name Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1753-2000
Publication date 2015-09-28
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/s13034-015-0068-1
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 9
Issue 33
Total pages 11
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background
Co-occurrence of problem behaviors, particularly across internalizing and externalizing spectra, increases the risk of suicidality (i.e., suicidal ideation and attempt) among youth.

Methods
We examined differences in psychosocial risk factors across levels of suicidality in a sample of 77 school-based adolescents engaging in both nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and repeated firesetting. Participants completed questionnaires assessing engagement in problem behaviors, mental health difficulties, negative life events, poor coping, impulsivity, and suicidality.

Results
Adolescents endorsing suicidal ideation reported greater psychological distress, physical and sexual abuse, and less problem solving/goal pursuit than those with no history of suicidality; adolescents who had attempted suicide reported more severe NSSI, higher rates of victimization and exposure to suicide, relative to those with suicidal ideation but no history of attempt. Additional analyses suggested the importance of coping beliefs in protecting against suicidality.

Conclusions
Clinical implications and suggestions for future research relating to suicide prevention are discussed.
Keyword Adolescence
Firesetting
NSSI
Suicidal ideation
Suicide
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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