Healthy work revisited: Do changes in time strain predict well-being?

Moen, Phyllis, Kelly, Erin L. and Lam, Jack (2013) Healthy work revisited: Do changes in time strain predict well-being?. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18 2: 157-172. doi:10.1037/a0031804

Author Moen, Phyllis
Kelly, Erin L.
Lam, Jack
Title Healthy work revisited: Do changes in time strain predict well-being?
Journal name Journal of Occupational Health Psychology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1076-8998
Publication date 2013
Year available 2013
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1037/a0031804
Volume 18
Issue 2
Start page 157
End page 172
Total pages 16
Place of publication Washington, DC United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Language eng
Abstract Building on Karasek and Theorell (R. Karasek & T. Theorell, 1990, Healthy work: Stress, productivity, and the reconstruction of working life, New York, NY: Basic Books), we theorized and tested the relationship between time strain (work-time demands and control) and seven self-reported health outcomes. We drew on survey data from 550 employees fielded before and 6 months after the implementation of an organizational intervention, the Results Only Work Environment (ROWE) in a white-collar organization. Cross-sectional (Wave 1) models showed psychological time demands and time control measures were related to health outcomes in expected directions. The ROWE intervention did not predict changes in psychological time demands by Wave 2, but did predict increased time control (a sense of time adequacy and schedule control). Statistical models revealed increases in psychological time demands and time adequacy predicted changes in positive (energy, mastery, psychological wellbeing, self-assessed health) and negative (emotional exhaustion, somatic symptoms, psychological distress) outcomes in expected directions, net of job and home demands and covariates. This study demonstrates the value of including time strain in investigations of the health effects of job conditions. Results encourage longitudinal models of change in psychological time demands as well as time control, along with the development and testing of interventions aimed at reducing time strain in different populations of workers.
Keyword Health
Organizational intervention
Psychological time demands
Time adequacy
Time strain
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Institute for Social Science Research - Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 20 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Mon, 28 Sep 2015, 13:08:20 EST by Jack Lam on behalf of Institute for Social Science Research