Telephone, print, and Web-based interventions for physical activity, diet, and weight control among cancer survivors: a systematic review

Goode, Ana D., Lawler, Sheleigh P., Brakenridge, Charlotte L., Reeves, Marina M. and Eakin, Elizabeth G. (2015) Telephone, print, and Web-based interventions for physical activity, diet, and weight control among cancer survivors: a systematic review. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 9 4: 660-682. doi:10.1007/s11764-015-0442-2


Author Goode, Ana D.
Lawler, Sheleigh P.
Brakenridge, Charlotte L.
Reeves, Marina M.
Eakin, Elizabeth G.
Title Telephone, print, and Web-based interventions for physical activity, diet, and weight control among cancer survivors: a systematic review
Journal name Journal of Cancer Survivorship   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-2259
1932-2267
Publication date 2015-03-11
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1007/s11764-015-0442-2
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 9
Issue 4
Start page 660
End page 682
Total pages 23
Place of publication New York, NY, United States
Publisher Springer
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose
Broad-reach (non-face-to-face) modalities offer an accessible and cost-effective means to provide behavior change programs in diverse and growing cancer survivor populations. The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the efficacy of physical activity, dietary, and/or weight control interventions for cancer survivors in which telephone, short-message service, print, and/or Web is the primary method of delivery.

Methods

A structured search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL, and CENTRAL (May 2013) was conducted. Included studies focused and reported on physical activity (PA) and dietary change and/or weight control in adult cancer survivors, delivered at least 50 % of intervention contacts by broad-reach modality and included a control group. Study design, intervention features, and behavioral/weight outcomes were extracted, tabulated, and summarized.

Results

Twenty-seven studies were included; 22 telephone, three Web, and two print. Sixteen studies targeted PA, two diet, and nine targeted multiple behaviors. Most studies (18/27) targeted a single survivor group, namely breast cancer (n = 12). Nineteen of 27 studies found evidence for initiation of behavior change, with only eight reporting on maintenance and one on cost-effectiveness.

Conclusions

This review provides support for broad-reach modalities, particularly the telephone, in the delivery of lifestyle interventions to cancer survivors. Future research should evaluate (1) newer technologies (i.e., SMS and mobile phone applications), (2) interventions for diverse cancer survivors and those targeting multiple behaviors, (3) long-term outcomes, and 4) cost-effectiveness.

Implications for Cancer Survivors

Broad-reach lifestyle interventions are effective, with further research needed to evaluate their generalizability and integration into cancer care.
Keyword Cancer survivors
Diet
Physical activity
Weight loss
Telephone
Broad reach
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 11 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Tue, 15 Sep 2015, 23:42:33 EST by Ms Charlotte Brakenridge on behalf of School of Public Health