Morphological changes in the cervical muscles of women with chronic whiplash can be modified with exercise-A pilot study

O'leary, Shaun., Jull, Gwendolen., Van Wyk, Luke., Pedler, Ashely. and Elliott, James. (2015) Morphological changes in the cervical muscles of women with chronic whiplash can be modified with exercise-A pilot study. Muscle and Nerve, 52 5: 772-779. doi:10.1002/mus.24612


Author O'leary, Shaun.
Jull, Gwendolen.
Van Wyk, Luke.
Pedler, Ashely.
Elliott, James.
Title Morphological changes in the cervical muscles of women with chronic whiplash can be modified with exercise-A pilot study
Journal name Muscle and Nerve   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1097-4598
0148-639X
Publication date 2015-09-03
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1002/mus.24612
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 52
Issue 5
Start page 772
End page 779
Total pages 8
Place of publication Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Publisher John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Introduction: In this preliminary study we determined whether MRI markers of cervical muscle degeneration [elevated muscle fatty infiltration (MFI), cross-sectional area (CSA), and reduced relative muscle CSA (rmCSA)] could be modified with exercise in patients with chronic whiplash. Methods: Five women with chronic whiplash undertook 10 weeks of neck exercise. MRI measures of the cervical multifidus (posterior) and longus capitus/colli (anterior) muscles, neck muscle strength, and self-reported neck disability were recorded at baseline and at completion of the exercise program. Results: Overall significant increases in CSA and rmCSA were observed for both muscles, but significant reductions in MFI were only evident in the cervical multifidus muscle. These changes coincided with increased muscle strength and reduced neck disability. Conclusions: MRI markers of muscle morphology in individuals with chronic whiplash appear to be modifiable with exercise.
Keyword Exercise
MRI
Muscle degeneration
Rehabilitation
Whiplash
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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