Supporting local and traditional knowledge with science for adaptation to climate change: lessons learned from participatory three-dimensional modeling in BoeBoe, Solomon Islands

Leon, Javier X., Hardcastle, James, James, Robyn, Albert, Simon, Kereseka, Jimmy and Woodroffe, Colin D. (2015) Supporting local and traditional knowledge with science for adaptation to climate change: lessons learned from participatory three-dimensional modeling in BoeBoe, Solomon Islands. Coastal Management, 43 4: 424-438. doi:10.1080/08920753.2015.1046808


Author Leon, Javier X.
Hardcastle, James
James, Robyn
Albert, Simon
Kereseka, Jimmy
Woodroffe, Colin D.
Title Supporting local and traditional knowledge with science for adaptation to climate change: lessons learned from participatory three-dimensional modeling in BoeBoe, Solomon Islands
Journal name Coastal Management   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1521-0421
0892-0753
Publication date 2015-07-04
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/08920753.2015.1046808
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 43
Issue 4
Start page 424
End page 438
Total pages 15
Place of publication New York, NY United States
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Coastal communities in the Coral Triangle are increasingly threatened by climate change. Sea-level rise (SLR) will result in biophysical and socioeconomic impacts that could increase the loss of livelihoods, cultural heritage and infrastructure. Effective adaptation requires a holistic approach that incorporates scientific knowledge together with local and traditional knowledge. Community-based adaptation built on local knowledge is of great value for environmental management, particularly when scientific data are lacking. This article reports a case study that integrated traditional and scientific knowledge using participatory three-dimensional modeling (P3DM) in BoeBoe village, Solomon Islands. P3DM is a process by which members of the local community build a physical terrain model and overlay it with the location of important resources such as protected areas or harvesting sites. Additionally, SLR inundation scenarios based on surveyed elevations were incorporated into a geographic information system (GIS), allowing for a real-time integration of science with local knowledge. Despite discrepancies in scales and accuracy, information from both the P3DM and GIS were complementary. The process, itself, provided a forum for discussion between many members of the village who would normally not be involved and highlighted the importance of community engagement when building capacity for adaptation to climate change.
Keyword Adaptation
Climate change
Coral Triangle
DEM
GIS
Pacific
P3DM
Solomon Islands
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Civil Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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