Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Electrocatalysts Decorated with Transition Metals for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction

Zhou, Ruifeng, Jaroniec, Mietek and Qiao, Shi-Zhang (2015) Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Electrocatalysts Decorated with Transition Metals for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction. ChemCatChem, 7 23: 3808-3817. doi:10.1002/cctc.201500411


Author Zhou, Ruifeng
Jaroniec, Mietek
Qiao, Shi-Zhang
Title Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Electrocatalysts Decorated with Transition Metals for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction
Journal name ChemCatChem   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1867-3880
1867-3899
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1002/cctc.201500411
Volume 7
Issue 23
Start page 3808
End page 3817
Total pages 10
Place of publication Weinheim, Germany
Publisher Wiley
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The high cost of catalysts is the main disadvantage of aqueous fuel cells. In a conventional fuel cell, both the anode and cathode reactions need Pt-based catalysts to catalyze the respective electrochemical reactions, for example, the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) on the cathode. As the ORR is very sluggish, more Pt catalyst is needed to balance the anode and cathode currents. In recent years, many alternative catalysts have been explored for the ORR that are mostly based on carbon, which include nonmetal-decorated carbons and metal-decorated carbons. Carbons codoped with a transition metal and nitrogen have shown the best ORR performance among all nonprecious metal catalysts, which is comparable to Pt under analogous conditions. We review nitrogen-doped carbon nanomaterials decorated with transition metals as ORR catalysts, their synthesis, characterization, and performance, with special emphasis on the mechanism and theoretical aspects of the ORR.
Keyword Carbon
Doping
Electrochemistry
Nitrogen
Transition metals
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology Publications
 
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 10 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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