Association study on urban form and urban resources efficiency based on GIS and DEA: a case study of Shanghai

Fan, Wenping, Liu, Yan and Shi, Yishao (2015). Association study on urban form and urban resources efficiency based on GIS and DEA: a case study of Shanghai. In: Ehab E. Elattar and Sang-Bing Tsai, Proceedings of the 2015 AASRI International Conference On Circuits and Systems. International Conference on Circuits and Systems (CAS 2015), Paris France, (182-187). 9-10 August 2015. doi:10.2991/cas-15.2015.44

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Author Fan, Wenping
Liu, Yan
Shi, Yishao
Title of paper Association study on urban form and urban resources efficiency based on GIS and DEA: a case study of Shanghai
Conference name International Conference on Circuits and Systems (CAS 2015)
Conference location Paris France
Conference dates 9-10 August 2015
Proceedings title Proceedings of the 2015 AASRI International Conference On Circuits and Systems
Journal name Proceedings of the 2015 Aasri International Conference On Circuits and Systems (Cas 2015)
Series Advances in Computer Science Research
Place of Publication Paris, France
Publisher Atlantis Press
Publication Year 2015
Sub-type Fully published paper
DOI 10.2991/cas-15.2015.44
Open Access Status DOI
ISBN 9789462520745
ISSN 2352-538X
Editor Ehab E. Elattar
Sang-Bing Tsai
Volume 9
Start page 182
End page 187
Total pages 6
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract/Summary Rapid urbanisation has resulted in the change of urban forms as well as increased consumption of various urban resources. This paper reports an empirical study of China’s Shanghai municipality to investigate the relationship between urban form and the efficiency usage of urban resources. Based on a series of Landsat imagery over the period from 1982 to 2008, the changing characteristics of the urban spatial forms in Shanghai were measured in GIS. Urban resources efficiency was measured through Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) approach. By correlating the urban form and resource efficiency indicators through a regression analysis, the results show that the changes of urban resource efficiency are closely related to changes of urban forms. In general, the instability and complexity of the external form of the city reduces the urban resources efficiency. Moreover, high population density conduces to lower urban resources efficiency. In addition, the road network density and the spatial accessibility through the road network impact significantly the improvement of urban resources efficiency; besides, the compactness of urban external form does not have much influence on urban resources efficiency according to this study.
Keyword Geographic information system (GIS)
Data envelopment analysis (DEA)
Urban form
Urban resources efficiency
Shanghai
Morphology
Q-Index Code E1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

 
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