The effect of a short term biofilm-aeration treatment on energy recovery in microbial electrolysis cells

Liu, Chong, Liu, Wenzong, Liu, Jia, Zhou, Xu, Wang, Aijie and Nan, Jun (2015) The effect of a short term biofilm-aeration treatment on energy recovery in microbial electrolysis cells. RSC Advances, 5 85: 69714-69719. doi:10.1039/c5ra11354g


Author Liu, Chong
Liu, Wenzong
Liu, Jia
Zhou, Xu
Wang, Aijie
Nan, Jun
Title The effect of a short term biofilm-aeration treatment on energy recovery in microbial electrolysis cells
Journal name RSC Advances   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2046-2069
Publication date 2015-08-03
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1039/c5ra11354g
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 5
Issue 85
Start page 69714
End page 69719
Total pages 6
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Royal Society of Chemistry
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
In microbial electrolysis cells (MECs), the hydrogen production yield is often limited by the occurrence of methanogenesis. To reduce methane production, an air treatment process was applied as a cost-effective approach, however, the reported method of using air or oxygen sparging may cause an energy loss because of residual dissolved oxygen in the MEC solution. In this study, an air-exposed biofilm was applied to improve H2 production in single-chamber MECs. Twelve reactors with 0.8 V applied voltage were operated in four batch conditions (three replicates for each): (a) the biofilm was aerated for 10 minutes before the medium was refilled (air speed: 0.8–1 L min−1); (b) the biofilm was air-exposed for 10 minutes before the medium was refilled; (c) a fresh medium was used to immediately refill after the reacted medium was discharged; (d) nitrogen gas was sparged for 10 minutes after the fresh medium was refilled (as a control treatment). It was found that the H2 yield increased by ∼60% after biofilm aeration under condition (a), and the hydrogen production rate was up to 1.3 mL per mL per reactor d, while little methane was detected. In contrast, under conditions (c) and (d), the maximum production rate of methane was 0.1 mL CH4 per mL reactor per d, while the production rate of hydrogen decreased to 0.8 mL per mL reactor per d. This work indicated that a short-term aeration treatment could substantially affect energy recovery and methanogen communities located in biofilms.
Keyword Microbial electrolysis cells
Biofilm-aeration treatment
Energy recovery
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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