The clinimetric properties of aerobic and anaerobic fitness measures in adults with cerebral palsy: A systematic review of the literature

Lennon, Nancy, Thorpe, Deborah, Balemans, Astrid C, Fragala-Pinkham, Maria, O'Neil, Margaret, Bjornson, Kristie, Boyd, Roslyn and Dallmeijer, Annet J (2015) The clinimetric properties of aerobic and anaerobic fitness measures in adults with cerebral palsy: A systematic review of the literature. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 45-46 316-328. doi:10.1016/j.ridd.2015.08.002


Author Lennon, Nancy
Thorpe, Deborah
Balemans, Astrid C
Fragala-Pinkham, Maria
O'Neil, Margaret
Bjornson, Kristie
Boyd, Roslyn
Dallmeijer, Annet J
Title The clinimetric properties of aerobic and anaerobic fitness measures in adults with cerebral palsy: A systematic review of the literature
Journal name Research in Developmental Disabilities   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1873-3379
0891-4222
Publication date 2015-10
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1016/j.ridd.2015.08.002
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 45-46
Start page 316
End page 328
Total pages 13
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To analyze the clinimetric properties of maximal aerobic and anaerobic fitness measurement protocols in adults with cerebral palsy (CP).

Data Sources: A systematic search through March 2015 of databases PubMed, Embase, SPORTDiscus and PsycINFO was performed with medical subject heading terms for ‘cerebral palsy’ combined with search terms adults or adolescents and multiple text words for fitness and exercise tests that yielded 864 articles.

Study Selection: Abstracts were screened by two reviewers to identify use of maximal fitness measurements in adolescents (14–18 yrs) or adults (>18 yrs) with CP of all abilities. Ninety-four articles were reviewed. No studies of adolescent (14–18 yrs) qualified. Eight articles reported clinimetric properties for adults with CP who walk or propel a wheelchair independently. Five articles reported on aerobic capacity, one reported on anaerobic capacity and two reported on both.

Data Extraction: Methodological quality of the studies was rated using portions of the COSMIN (COnsensus-based Standards for the selection of health status Measurement INstruments) checklist. Quality of the measurement protocols was evaluated based on statistical strength of the clinimetrics. Synthesis of the overall evidence was based on the Cochrane review group guidelines which combine methodological quality and statistical strength.

Data Synthesis: Eight articles reported on 4 aerobic and 1 anaerobic protocols. Overall synthesis revealed that for ambulatory adults with CP there is (i) moderate evidence for good reliability and good construct validity of maximal aerobic and anaerobic cycle tests, (ii) moderate evidence for good criterion validity of sub-maximal aerobic cycle tests, and (iii) strong evidence for poor criterion validity of the six-minute walk test as a maximal aerobic test. And for adults who propel a wheelchair there is limited evidence of good reliability for maximal aerobic wheelchair ergometer tests.

Conclusions: 
Limited quality research exists on the clinimetric properties of aerobic and anaerobic capacity measures for adults with CP who have independent mobility. Quality aerobic and anaerobic measures for adults with more severe mobility impairments are absent.
Keyword Exercise test
Reliability and validity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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