Community resilience to natural disasters: the role of disaster entrepreneurship

Linnenluecke, M. K. and McKnight, B. (2017) Community resilience to natural disasters: the role of disaster entrepreneurship. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 11 1: 166-185. doi:10.1108/JEC-01-2015-0005

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Author Linnenluecke, M. K.
McKnight, B.
Title Community resilience to natural disasters: the role of disaster entrepreneurship
Journal name Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1750-6204
1750-6212
Publication date 2017-01-01
Year available 2017
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1108/JEC-01-2015-0005
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 11
Issue 1
Start page 166
End page 185
Total pages 20
Place of publication Bingley, United Kingdom
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Collection year 2018
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose – The paper examines the conditions under which disaster entrepreneurship contributes to community-level resilience. We define disaster entrepreneurship as attempts by the private sector to create or maintain value during and in the immediate aftermath of a natural disaster by taking advantage of business opportunities and providing goods and services required by community stakeholders.

Design/methodology/approach - This paper builds a typology of disaster entrepreneurial responses by drawing on the dimensions of structural expansion and role change. We use illustrative case examples to conceptualize how these responses improve community resilience by filling critical resource voids in the aftermath of natural disasters.

Findings – The typology identifies four different disaster entrepreneurship approaches: Entrepreneurial business continuity, scaling of organizational response through activating latent structures, improvising, and emergence. We formulate proposition regarding how each of the approaches is related to community-level resilience.

Practical implications – While disaster entrepreneurship can offer for-profit opportunities for engaging in community-wide disaster response and recovery efforts, firms should carefully consider the financial, legal, reputational and organizational implications of disaster entrepreneurship.

Social implications - Communities should consider how best to harness disaster entrepreneurship in designing their disaster response strategies.

Originality/value – This research offers a novel typology to explore the role that for-profit firms play in disaster contexts and adds to prior research which has mostly focused on government agencies, nongovernmental organizations and emergency personnel.
Keyword Community resilience
Natural disasters
Disaster entrepreneurship;
Extreme weather
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes http://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/full/10.1108/JEC-01-2015-0005

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: HERDC Pre-Audit
UQ Business School Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 21 Aug 2015, 23:25:19 EST by Dr Martina Linnenluecke on behalf of UQ Business School