Mental Health Implications for Older Adults after Natural Disasters - A systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Parker, Georgina, Lie, David, Siskind, Dan J, Martin-Khan, Melinda, Raphael, Beverly, Crompton, David and Kisely, Steve (2015) Mental Health Implications for Older Adults after Natural Disasters - A systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. International Psychogeriatrics, 28 1: 11-20. doi:10.1017/S1041610215001210


Author Parker, Georgina
Lie, David
Siskind, Dan J
Martin-Khan, Melinda
Raphael, Beverly
Crompton, David
Kisely, Steve
Title Mental Health Implications for Older Adults after Natural Disasters - A systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Journal name International Psychogeriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1741-203X
1041-6102
Publication date 2015-01-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1017/S1041610215001210
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 28
Issue 1
Start page 11
End page 20
Total pages 10
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Natural disasters affect the health and well-being of adults throughout the world. There is some debate in the literature as to whether older persons have increased risk of mental health outcomes after exposure to natural disasters when compared with younger adults. To date, no systematic review has evaluated this. We aimed to synthesize the available evidence on the impact of natural disasters on the mental health and psychological distress experienced by older adults.

Design: A meta-analysis was conducted on papers identified through a systematic review. The primary outcomes measured were post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety disorders, adjustment disorder, and psychological distress.

Results: We identified six papers with sufficient data for a random effects meta-analysis. Older adults were 2.11 times more likely to experience PTSD symptoms and 1.73 more likely to develop adjustment disorder when exposed to natural disasters when compared with younger adults.

Conclusions: Given the global rise in the number of older adults affected by natural disasters, mental health services need to be prepared to meet their needs following natural disasters, particularly around the early detection and management of PTSD.
Keyword Mental health
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Older persons
Natural diaster
Meta-analysis
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
 
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Created: Wed, 19 Aug 2015, 22:09:58 EST by Mrs Melinda Martin-khan on behalf of Medicine - Princess Alexandra Hospital