The problem of community resilience in two flooded cities: Dhaka 1998 and Brisbane 2011

Walters, Peter (2015) The problem of community resilience in two flooded cities: Dhaka 1998 and Brisbane 2011. Habitat International, 50 51-56. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.004


Author Walters, Peter
Title The problem of community resilience in two flooded cities: Dhaka 1998 and Brisbane 2011
Journal name Habitat International   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0197-3975
1873-5428
Publication date 2015-12
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.habitatint.2015.08.004
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 50
Start page 51
End page 56
Total pages 6
Place of publication Kidlington, Oxford United Kingdom
Publisher Pergamon Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract This paper critiques the concept of urban community resilience by making a comparison of a flood disaster in two very different cities, Dhaka in Bangladesh and Brisbane in Australia. Community resilience is a concept that has emerged in the social sciences from ecological literature as a way of assessing and measuring the ability of communities to respond to and adapt following a disaster. In the literature the term ‘resilience’ is well defined, but ‘community’ is often presented as unproblematic. The flood recovery in Brisbane was the result of a strong public realm, strong institutions and a relatively low level of social inequality, with local community as a desirable, but not necessary, feature. In Dhaka the presence of strong local community was of little help to residents already living in absolute poverty; it is difficult to be resilient if its measure is decreasing long-term vulnerability. The absence of these city-wide institutions and a strong public realm meant that the poor in Dhaka were isolated; fated to rely on their own meagre resources. In neither case could resilience or the lack of it, be explained by local community. The effects of a trauma such as a flood cannot be understood by making general assumptions about communities as ‘stand alone’ phenomena with essentialised characteristics independent of context in which they are found.
Keyword Community resilience
Community
Disaster
Cities
Urban
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Social Science Publications
 
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Created: Sun, 16 Aug 2015, 16:19:14 EST by Dr Peter Walters on behalf of School of Social Science