Windows of opportunity for physical activity in the prevention of obesity

Street, S. J., Wells, J. C. K. and Hills, A. P. (2015) Windows of opportunity for physical activity in the prevention of obesity. Obesity Reviews, 16 10: 857-870. doi:10.1111/obr.12306


Author Street, S. J.
Wells, J. C. K.
Hills, A. P.
Title Windows of opportunity for physical activity in the prevention of obesity
Journal name Obesity Reviews   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-7881
1467-789X
Publication date 2015
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1111/obr.12306
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 16
Issue 10
Start page 857
End page 870
Total pages 14
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Tackling increasing rates of obesity is likely to be a defining feature of health care over the next several decades. Adult obesity is a persistent and treatment-resistant problem. Consequently, an emerging theme in the literature is to commence prevention efforts earlier in the developmental time course. This view is based primarily on epidemiological data demonstrating a link between traits manifesting early during development and increased obesity risk in adulthood. Physical activity is a perennial factor in discussions of obesity prevention. However, the optimal timing and type of physical activity interventions to commence remains unclear. Critical developmental windows of plasticity may afford time-limited opportunities to shape body composition across the life course; however, physical activity has not been explicitly considered in these discussions. Although animal models suggest that physical activity commenced earlier in development has differential effects on obesity onset compared to physical activity commenced in adulthood, human research is lacking. In this conceptual review, we consider physical activity during critical developmental periods as a way to mitigate obesity risk later in life.
Keyword Critical periods
Development
Obesity
Physical activity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Mater Research Institute-UQ (MRI-UQ)
Non HERDC
 
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Created: Thu, 13 Aug 2015, 14:21:21 EST by Joanne PRESTON on behalf of Mater Research Institute-UQ