China's urban population and penal policy

Li, Enshen (2015) China's urban population and penal policy. Criminology & Criminal Justice, 1-19. doi:10.1177/1748895815591368

Author Li, Enshen
Title China's urban population and penal policy
Journal name Criminology & Criminal Justice   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1748-8966
Publication date 2015-06-17
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1177/1748895815591368
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Sage Publications
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract China’s economic modernization has created a new underclass population characterized by destitution and dispossession. This group is linked to social instability that intimidates the state’s control of the society. This article examines Chinese penal policy changes in the face of the rising underclass in urban areas. It sets a preliminary comparative analysis on the penal strategies of this new disadvantaged group in the USA and China. In reviewing the penal practices in both realms, the article argues that China shares an ideological affinity with its western counterparts for imposing punitive and managerial justice on the underclass. However, this rationale is realized in different ways. In China it is realized through the operation of an extensive system of administrative detention (different from criminal punishment), which is run by public security officials and is not part of the judicial system. Being located outside the judicial system enables greater efficiency by channelling the underclass through more flexible and cost-effectiveness forms of incarceration and control.
Keyword Administrative detention
Punitive punishment
'Strike Hard' campaign
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes Early view of article. Published online 17 June 2015.

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
TC Beirne School of Law Publications
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Created: Fri, 07 Aug 2015, 17:13:33 EST by Carmen Buttery on behalf of T.C. Beirne School of Law