Weisler, Marshall I. and Love, Serena (2015). Geoarchaeology. In James D. Wright (Ed.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences2nd ed. (pp. 53-57) Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
Geoarchaeology uses the techniques, methods, and concepts of the physical sciences to address archaeological questions. Examined here are the major techniques of geoarchaeology that are geared toward: discovering archaeological sites and documenting their internal structure; surveying site formation and disturbance processes; the analysis of soils and sediments; paleoenvironmental reconstruction and the impact of humans on the landscape; the physical analysis of archaeological materials; and the integration of geoarchaeology with social archaeology. Geoarchaeology must be integrated into research programs at the design, excavation, and analytical stages to be most advantageous.