The reef building corals (Coelenterata : Scleractinia) of Moreton Bay, Queensland : their distribution and ecology

Lovell, Edward R. (1976). The reef building corals (Coelenterata : Scleractinia) of Moreton Bay, Queensland : their distribution and ecology Master's Thesis, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland.

       
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Author Lovell, Edward R.
Thesis Title The reef building corals (Coelenterata : Scleractinia) of Moreton Bay, Queensland : their distribution and ecology
School, Centre or Institute School of Biological Sciences
Institution The University of Queensland
Publication date 1976
Thesis type Master's Thesis
Supervisor W. Stephenson
J.M. Thomson
J.S. Jell
Total pages 96
Collection year 2002
Language eng
Subjects L
040305 Marine Geoscience
Formatted abstract

Introduction

By definition,hermatypic corals contain zooxantheliae, are usually colonial and are capable of building reefs. Species survival and the ability to build substantial reef structures is best exemplified in tropical conditions. Attenuation of tropical coral fauna from north to south is a subject of interest and has been looked at by Wells (1955a) and Vernon (1974). 

Moreton Bay is of interest by virtue of the simultaneous presence of two assemblages: 1) that represented only by fossil remnants with its principal affinities with the Indo-Pacific fauna, 2) the presently living corals which represent a reduction in species from the subfossil assemblage.

Previous investigations which have made contributions to the knowledge of the scleractinia of Moreton Bay are Stutchbury (1855), Saville-Kent (l893), the Science Students Association (1938), Wells (1955a), Stephenson and Wells (1956), Slack-Smith (1959), and Andrew (1964).

Stutchbury made the first recorded observations on the eastern side of Peel Island in central Horeton Bay (fig. l). He recorded the living presence of the genera Meandrina (Platygyra) and Astrea (Favia or Favites ) which are today common elements of the Bay assemblage. Genera now extinct in the bay such as Pocillopora, Caryophylleae and others were seen only as skeletal fragments.

Saville-Kent (1893) described Favia sp. growing on the reef flats at Mud Island. Noting the fossil Madrepora sp. (Acropora sp.) whose main branches and minor branchlets were perfectly preserved, he described this as evidence for the 'wholesale destruction of the originally abundant and luxuriant colony-stocks'. He was unable to locate any living specimens, but noted the presence of genera which are common in the recent assemblage e.g. Faviae, (Favia speciosa?), Porites (Goniopora?), Psammoseris (Psamnocora), Turbinaria and Cyphastrea.

The Science Students Association (1938) noted species present in a raised subfossil reef on Bird and Goat Island. A list of the living coral of the area was presented.      ....................

Keyword Coral reef ecology -- Queensland -- Moreton Bay
Corals -- Queensland -- Moreton Bay
Additional Notes Other Title: Moreton Bay corals

Document type: Thesis
Collection: UQ Theses (non-RHD) - UQ staff and students only
 
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