Assessment of body composition of Sri Lankan Australian children using ethnic specific equations

Wickramasinghe, V. P., Cleghorn, G. J. and Davies, P. S. W. (2015) Assessment of body composition of Sri Lankan Australian children using ethnic specific equations. Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka, 43 2: 111-118. doi:10.4038/jnsfsr.v43i2.7938

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Author Wickramasinghe, V. P.
Cleghorn, G. J.
Davies, P. S. W.
Title Assessment of body composition of Sri Lankan Australian children using ethnic specific equations
Journal name Journal of the National Science Foundation of Sri Lanka   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1391-4588
2362-0161
Publication date 2015-07-08
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4038/jnsfsr.v43i2.7938
Volume 43
Issue 2
Start page 111
End page 118
Total pages 8
Place of publication Maitland Place, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Publisher National Science Foundation
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Since ethnic differences exist in body composition, assessment methods need to be validated prior to use in different populations. This study attempts to validate the use of Sri Lankan based body composition assessment tools on a group of 5 - 15 year old Australian children of Sri Lankan origin. The study was conducted at the Body Composition Laboratory of the Children’s Nutrition Research Centre at the Royal Children’s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.
Height (Ht), weight (Wt), segmental length (Lsegment name) and skinfold thickness (SFT) were measured. The whole body and segmental bio impedance analysis (BIA) were also measured. The body composition determined by the deuterium dilution technique (criterion method) was compared with the assessments done using prediction equations developed on Sri Lankan children. 27 boys and 15 girls were studied. All predictions of body composition parameters, except percentage fat mass (FM) assessed by the SFT-FM equation in girls gave statistically significant correlations with the criterion method. They had a low mean bias and most were not influenced by the measured parameter. Although living in a different socioeconomic state, the equations developed on children of the same ethnic background gives a better predictive value of body composition. This highlights the ethnic influence on body composition.
Keyword Anthropometry
Bioelectrical impedance
Body composition
Ethnic specific equation
Skin fold thickness
Sri Lankan Australian children
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Medicine Publications
Child Health Research Centre Publications
 
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