Miocene fossils reveal ancient roots for New Zealand's endemic Mystacina (Chiroptera) and its rainforest habitat

Hand, Suzanne J., Lee, Daphne E., Worthy, Trevor H., Archer, Michael, Worthy, Jennifer P., Tennyson, Alan J. D., Salisbury, Steven W., Scofield, R. Paul, Mildenhall, Dallas C., Kennedy, Elizabeth M. and Lindqvist, Jon K. (2015) Miocene fossils reveal ancient roots for New Zealand's endemic Mystacina (Chiroptera) and its rainforest habitat. PLoS One, 10 6: 1-19. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0128871


Author Hand, Suzanne J.
Lee, Daphne E.
Worthy, Trevor H.
Archer, Michael
Worthy, Jennifer P.
Tennyson, Alan J. D.
Salisbury, Steven W.
Scofield, R. Paul
Mildenhall, Dallas C.
Kennedy, Elizabeth M.
Lindqvist, Jon K.
Title Miocene fossils reveal ancient roots for New Zealand's endemic Mystacina (Chiroptera) and its rainforest habitat
Journal name PLoS One   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1932-6203
Publication date 2015-06-17
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0128871
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 10
Issue 6
Start page 1
End page 19
Total pages 19
Place of publication San Francisco, CA United States
Publisher Public Library of Science
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The New Zealand endemic bat family Mystacinidae comprises just two Recent species referred to a single genus, Mystacina. The family was once more diverse and widespread, with an additional six extinct taxa recorded from Australia and New Zealand. Here, a new mystacinid is described from the early Miocene (19–16 Ma) St Bathans Fauna of Central Otago, South Island, New Zealand. It is the first pre-Pleistocene record of the modern genus and it extends the evolutionary history of Mystacina back at least 16 million years. Extant Mystacina species occupy old-growth rainforest and are semi-terrestrial with an exceptionally broad omnivorous diet. The majority of the plants inhabited, pollinated, dispersed or eaten by modern Mystacina were well-established in southern New Zealand in the early Miocene, based on the fossil record from sites at or near where the bat fossils are found. Similarly, many of the arthropod prey of living Mystacina are recorded as fossils in the same area. Although none of the Miocene plant and arthropod species is extant, most are closely related to modern taxa, demonstrating potentially long-standing ecological associations with Mystacina.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Biological Sciences Publications
 
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