A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Medical Students’ Perspectives on the Engagement in Research

Naing, Cho, Wai, Victor Nyunt, Durham, Jo, Whittaker, Maxine A., Win, Ni Ni, Aung, Kyan and Mak, Joon Wah (2015) A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Medical Students’ Perspectives on the Engagement in Research. Medicine, 94 28: e1089-e1089. doi:10.1097/MD.0000000000001089

Author Naing, Cho
Wai, Victor Nyunt
Durham, Jo
Whittaker, Maxine A.
Win, Ni Ni
Aung, Kyan
Mak, Joon Wah
Title A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Medical Students’ Perspectives on the Engagement in Research
Journal name Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0025-7974
Publication date 2015-07
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1097/MD.0000000000001089
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 94
Issue 28
Start page e1089
End page e1089
Total pages 9
Place of publication Mumbai, Maharastra, India
Publisher Medknow Publications and Media
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Engaging students in active learning lies at the center of effective higher education. In medical schools, students’ engagement in learning and research has come under increasing attention. The objective of this study was to synthesize evidence on medical students’ perspectives on the engagement in research. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Relevant studies were searched in electronic databases. The methodological quality of the included studies was assessed. Overall, 14 observational studies (with 17 data sets) were included. In general, many studies did not use the same questionnaires and the outcome measurements were not consistently reported; these presented some difficulties in pooling the results. Whenever data permitted, we performed pooled analysis for the 4 education outcomes. A Bayesian meta-analytical approach was supplemented as a measure of uncertainty.

A pooled analysis showed that 74% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.57%–11.07%; I2: 95.2%) of those students who engaged in research (while at the medical school) had positive attitudes toward their research experiences, whereas 49.5% (95% CI: 36.4%–62.7%; I2: 93.4%) had positive attitudes toward the study of medical sciences, 62.3% (95% CI: 46.7%–77.9%; I2: 96.3%) had self-reported changes in their practices, and 64% (95% CI: 30.8%–96.6%; I2: 98.5%) could have published their work. There was substantial heterogeneity among studies. We acknowledged the caveats and the merit of the current review.

Findings showed that engagement in research resulted in favorable reactions toward research and academic learning. Future well-designed studies using standardized research tools on how to engage students in research are recommended.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Created: Tue, 21 Jul 2015, 06:32:37 EST by Jo Durham on behalf of School of Public Health