High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Costigan, S. A., Eather, N., Plotnikoff, R. C., Taaffe, D. R. and Lubans, D. R. (2015) High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 49 19: 1253-1261. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2014-094490


Author Costigan, S. A.
Eather, N.
Plotnikoff, R. C.
Taaffe, D. R.
Lubans, D. R.
Title High-intensity interval training for improving health-related fitness in adolescents: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal name British Journal of Sports Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1473-0480
0306-3674
Publication date 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1136/bjsports-2014-094490
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 49
Issue 19
Start page 1253
End page 1261
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background High-intensity interval training (HIIT) may be a feasible and efficacious strategy for improving health-related fitness in young people. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the utility of HIIT to improve health-related fitness in adolescents and to identify potential moderators of training effects.

Methods Studies were considered eligible if they: (1) examined adolescents (13–18 years); (2) examined health-related fitness outcomes; (3) involved an intervention of ≥4 weeks in duration; (4) included a control or moderate intensity comparison group; and (5) prescribed high-intensity activity for the HIIT condition. Meta-analyses were conducted to determine the effect of HIIT on health-related fitness components using Comprehensive Meta-analysis software and potential moderators were explored (ie, study duration, risk of bias and type of comparison group).

Results The effects of HIIT on cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition were large, and medium, respectively. Study duration was a moderator for the effect of HIIT on body fat percentage. Intervention effects for waist circumference and muscular fitness were not statistically significant.

Conclusions HIIT is a feasible and time-efficient approach for improving cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in adolescent populations.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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