Putting WASH in the water cycle: climate change, water resources and the future of water, sanitation and hygiene challenges in Pacific Island Countries

Hadwen, Wade L., Powell, Bronwyn, MacDonald, Morgan C., Elliott, Mark, Chan, Terence, Gernjak, Wolfgang and Aalbersberg, William G. L. (2015) Putting WASH in the water cycle: climate change, water resources and the future of water, sanitation and hygiene challenges in Pacific Island Countries. Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development, 5 2: 183-191. doi:10.2166/washdev.2015.133


Author Hadwen, Wade L.
Powell, Bronwyn
MacDonald, Morgan C.
Elliott, Mark
Chan, Terence
Gernjak, Wolfgang
Aalbersberg, William G. L.
Title Putting WASH in the water cycle: climate change, water resources and the future of water, sanitation and hygiene challenges in Pacific Island Countries
Journal name Journal of Water Sanitation and Hygiene for Development   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2043-9083
Publication date 2015-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.2166/washdev.2015.133
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 5
Issue 2
Start page 183
End page 191
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher IWA Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The Pacific region presents some of the lowest water and sanitation coverage figures globally, with some countries showing stagnating or even declining access to improved water and sanitation. In addition, Pacific Island Countries (PICs) are among the most vulnerable countries on the globe to extreme and variable climatic events and sea-level rise caused by climate change. By exploring the state of water and sanitation coverage in PICs and projected climatic variations, we add to the growing case for conserving water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) interventions within a holistic integrated water resource management (IWRM) framework. PICs face unique challenges of increasing variability in rainfall (leading to drought and flooding), increasing temperatures, and likely higher than average sea-level rise, all of which impact on freshwater security. Add to this geographic and economic isolation, and limited human and physical resources, and the challenge of WASH provision increases dramatically. In this setting, there is a stronger case than ever for adopting a holistic systems understanding, as promoted by IWRM frameworks, to WASH interventions so that they consider past and current challenges as well as future scenarios.
Keyword Adaptation
Adaptive capacity
Integrated water resource management
Sustainable Development
Vulnerability
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
Advanced Water Management Centre Publications
 
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