Anxiety rating scales in Parkinson's disease: a critical review updating recent literature

Dissanayaka, Nadeeka N. W., Torbey, Elizabeth and Pachana, Nancy A. (2015) Anxiety rating scales in Parkinson's disease: a critical review updating recent literature. International Psychogeriatrics, 27 11: 1777-1784. doi:10.1017/S1041610215000885


Author Dissanayaka, Nadeeka N. W.
Torbey, Elizabeth
Pachana, Nancy A.
Title Anxiety rating scales in Parkinson's disease: a critical review updating recent literature
Journal name International Psychogeriatrics   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1041-6102
1741-203X
Publication date 2015
Year available 2015
Sub-type Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
DOI 10.1017/S1041610215000885
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 27
Issue 11
Start page 1777
End page 1784
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background:: Assessing anxiety in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been a recent focus, and a number of studies have extensively investigated the validity of anxiety rating scales in PD. The present review aims to provide an overview of anxiety scales widely used and/or validated in PD, and to highlight recommendations for future research required in this area.

Methods:: A literature search was performed using terms such as Parkinson* disease, psychiatric, depress*, anxiety, assessment, scales, and valid* in PsycInfo, PubMed, and Web of Science databases. Validation studies and reviews focussed on assessment of anxiety in PD were included.

Results:: The literature search identified nine anxiety rating scales. The new Parkinson's Anxiety Scale (PAS) showed good psychometric properties. Having a simple design appropriate for older adults and items focussed on cognitive anxiety, the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI) also appeared promising for use in PD. The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) did not demonstrate satisfactory psychometric characteristics when used in PD, while other scales had limited or no evidence of validity or reliability to infer judgments.

Conclusions:: PAS and GAI are can be recommended for use in PD without dementia. Usefulness of these scales to assess anxiety in dementia should be examined in the future. Moreover, the complex symptomatology of anxiety relating to “off” PD medication states were not addressed in these scales. Further research is required to develop an anxiety scale tailored for PD.
Keyword Anxiety
Parkinsons Disease
Rating scales
Review
Validity
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Critical review of research, literature review, critical commentary
Collections: UQ Centre for Clinical Research Publications
Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
 
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Created: Thu, 02 Jul 2015, 18:18:05 EST by Nadeeka Dissanayaka on behalf of School of Psychology