A computational fluid dynamics analysis of the wave soldering process: influence of propeller blades on fountain flow

Abdul Aziz, M. S., Abdullah, M. Z., Khor, C. Y., Mazlan, M., Iqbal, A. M. and Fairuz, Z. M. (2015) A computational fluid dynamics analysis of the wave soldering process: influence of propeller blades on fountain flow. International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow, 25 5: 1231-1247. doi:10.1108/HFF-02-2014-0053


Author Abdul Aziz, M. S.
Abdullah, M. Z.
Khor, C. Y.
Mazlan, M.
Iqbal, A. M.
Fairuz, Z. M.
Title A computational fluid dynamics analysis of the wave soldering process: influence of propeller blades on fountain flow
Journal name International Journal of Numerical Methods for Heat and Fluid Flow   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0961-5539
1758-6585
Publication date 2015-06-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1108/HFF-02-2014-0053
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 25
Issue 5
Start page 1231
End page 1247
Total pages 17
Place of publication Bingley, United Kingdom
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing Limited
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Purpose
– The purpose of this paper is to present a three-dimensional finite volume-based analysis on the effects of propeller blades on fountain flow in a wave soldering process and performs an experimental validation.

Design/methodology/approach
– Solder pot models with various numbers of propeller blades were developed and meshed by using hybrid elements and simulated by using the FLUENT fluid flow solver. The characteristics of the fountain, such as flow profile, velocity vector, filling time, and fountain advancement, were investigated. Molten solder (Sn63Pb37) material, a temperature of 250°C, and a propeller speed of 830 rpm were applied in the simulation. The predicted results were validated by the experimental fountain profile.

Findings
– The use of a six-blade propeller in a solder pot increased the fountain thickness profile and reduced the filling time. Moreover, a six-blade propeller design resulted in a stable fountain profile and was considered the best choice for current wave soldering processes.

Practical implications
– This study provides a better understanding of the effects of propeller blades on the fountain flow in the wave soldering process.

Originality/value
– The study explores the fountain flow behavior and provides a reference to the engineers and designers in order to improve the fountain flow of the wave soldering.
Keyword Computational fluid dynamics
Finite volume method
Wave soldering
Fountain flow
Molten solder
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Mechanical & Mining Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
Versions
Version Filter Type
Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 0 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article
Scopus Citation Count Cited 0 times in Scopus Article
Google Scholar Search Google Scholar
Created: Tue, 30 Jun 2015, 00:58:13 EST by System User on behalf of School of Mechanical and Mining Engineering