Engaging the wisdom of crowds and public judgement for land use planning using public participation geographic information systems

Brown, Greg (2015) Engaging the wisdom of crowds and public judgement for land use planning using public participation geographic information systems. Australian Planner, 52 3: 199-209. doi:10.1080/07293682.2015.1034147


Author Brown, Greg
Title Engaging the wisdom of crowds and public judgement for land use planning using public participation geographic information systems
Journal name Australian Planner   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 2150-6841
0729-3682
Publication date 2015-06-10
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1080/07293682.2015.1034147
Open Access Status
Volume 52
Issue 3
Start page 199
End page 209
Total pages 11
Place of publication Melbourne, VIC Australia
Publisher Routledge
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
More effective collaboration is a recurring theme to improve public participation in planning. But collaborative processes are constrained by the number of people that can participate, limiting the diversity and independence of planning participants resulting in suboptimal planning outcomes. This article argues that crowd sourcing and public judgement using public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) can result in better planning outcomes. The wisdom of crowds refers to a phenomenon where collective opinion generates superior solutions to a problem than can be obtained by any individual in the group; public judgement refers to high-quality public opinion that is firm, consistent and mindful of consequences. PPGIS is a means to operationalise and translate the wisdom of crowds and public judgement into spatially explicit information for land use decisions. This article presents the conditions for engaging crowd wisdom and public judgement using PPGIS to collect spatially explicit planning information, followed by examples that illustrate the benefits. Technology exists to expand the use of PPGIS for planning, but there is resistance from influential segments of society that do not trust the wisdom of crowds. Innovators within planning practice are encouraged to provide opportunities to test and evaluate crowd-sourced planning solutions.
Keyword Wisdom of crowds
Public judgement
Public participation GIS
PPGIS
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Geography, Planning and Environmental Management Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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