Age-specific measles mortality during the late 19th-early 20th centuries.

Shanks, G. D., Waller, M., Briem, H. and Gottfredsson, M. (2015) Age-specific measles mortality during the late 19th-early 20th centuries.. Epidemiology and Infection, 143 16: 3434-3441. doi:10.1017/S0950268815000631


Author Shanks, G. D.
Waller, M.
Briem, H.
Gottfredsson, M.
Title Age-specific measles mortality during the late 19th-early 20th centuries.
Journal name Epidemiology and Infection   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0950-2688
1469-4409
Publication date 2015-04
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1017/S0950268815000631
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 143
Issue 16
Start page 3434
End page 3441
Total pages 8
Place of publication Cambridge, United Kingdom
Publisher Cambridge University Press
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Measles mortality fell prior to the introduction of vaccines or antibiotics. By examining historical mortality reports we sought to determine how much measles mortality was due to epidemiological factors such as isolation from major population centres or increased age at time of infection. Age-specific records were available from Aberdeen; Scotland; New Zealand and the states of Australia at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries. Despite the relative isolation of Australia, measles mortality was concentrated in very young children similar to Aberdeen. In the more isolated states of Tasmania, Western Australia and Queensland adults made up 14–15% of measles deaths as opposed to 8–9% in Victoria, South Australia and New South Wales. Mortality in Iceland and Faroe Islands during the 1846 measles epidemic was used as an example of islands isolated from respiratory pathogens. The transition from crisis mortality across all ages to deaths concentrated in young children occurred prior to the earliest age-specific mortality data collected. Factors in addition to adult age of infection and epidemiological isolation such as nutritional status and viral virulence may have contributed to measles mortality outcomes a century ago.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ
Additional Notes In Press

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
 
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Created: Mon, 22 Jun 2015, 13:58:14 EST by Mr Michael Waller on behalf of School of Public Health