Exercise, energy expenditure, and body composition in people with spinal cord injury

Tanhoffer, Ricardo A., Tanhoffer, Aldre I. P., Raymond, Jacqueline, Hills, Andrew P. and Davis, Glen M. (2014) Exercise, energy expenditure, and body composition in people with spinal cord injury. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11 7: 1393-1400. doi:10.1123/jpah.2012-0149

Author Tanhoffer, Ricardo A.
Tanhoffer, Aldre I. P.
Raymond, Jacqueline
Hills, Andrew P.
Davis, Glen M.
Title Exercise, energy expenditure, and body composition in people with spinal cord injury
Journal name Journal of Physical Activity and Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1543-5474
Publication date 2014-09
Year available 2014
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1123/jpah.2012-0149
Open Access Status Not Open Access
Volume 11
Issue 7
Start page 1393
End page 1400
Total pages 8
Place of publication Champaign, Illinois, United States
Publisher Human Kinetics
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: The objective of this study was to verify the long-term effects of exercise on energy expenditure and body composition in individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI), as very little information is available on this population under free-living conditions. Methods: Free-living energy expenditure and body composition using doubly labeled water (DLW) was measured in 13 individuals with SCI, subdivided in 2 groups: (1) sedentary (SED; N = 7) and (2) regularly engaged in any exercise program, for at least 150 min·wk-1 (EXE; N = 6). Results: The total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) was significantly higher in the EXE group (33 ± 4.5 kcal·kg-1·day-1) if compared with SED group (27 ± 4.3 kcal·kg-1·day-1). The percentage of body fat was significantly higher in SED group than in EXE group (38 ± 6% and 28 ± 9%). Conclusion: Our findings revealed that, despite the severity of SCI, the actual ACSM’s guidelines for weight management for healthy adults exercise could significantly increase TDEE and BMR and improve body composition in individuals who regularly perform exercise. However, the EXE group still showed a high percentage of body fat, suggesting that a more specific approach might be considered (ie, increased intensity or volume, or combining with a diet program).
Keyword Wheelchair users
Physical activity
Doubly labeled water
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: Mater Research Institute-UQ (MRI-UQ)
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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