Validation of a pre-coded food record for infants and young children

Gondolf, U. H., Tetens, I., Hills, A. P., Michaelsen, K. F. and Trolle, E. (2012) Validation of a pre-coded food record for infants and young children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 66 1: 91-96. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2011.133

Author Gondolf, U. H.
Tetens, I.
Hills, A. P.
Michaelsen, K. F.
Trolle, E.
Title Validation of a pre-coded food record for infants and young children
Journal name European Journal of Clinical Nutrition   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0954-3007
Publication date 2012
Year available 2011
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1038/ejcn.2011.133
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 66
Issue 1
Start page 91
End page 96
Total pages 6
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher Nature Publishing Group
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background/Objectives: To assess the validity of a 7-day pre-coded food record (PFR) method in 9-month-old infants against metabolizable energy intake (MEDLW) measured by doubly labeled water (DLW); additionally to compare PFR with a 7-day weighed food record (WFR) in 9-month-old infants and 36-month-old children.

Subjects/Methods: The study population consisted of 36 infants (age: 9.03±0.2 months) and 36 young children (age: 36.1±0.3 months) enrolled in a cross-over design of 7 consecutive days PFR vs 7 consecutive days WFR. Children were randomly assigned to one method during week 1, crossing over to the alternative method in week 2. Total energy expenditure (TEE) and MEDLW were obtained in the 9-month-old infants using the DLW technique for 7 days while recording with PFR.

Results: For the 9-month-old group, PFR showed a mean bias of + 726 kJ/day, equivalent to 24%, (P<0.0001) compared with MEDLW (n=29). Using WFR as the reference in this group no between-method differences were found for energy, fat and carbohydrate. Energy intake in the 36-month-old children was 12% higher in the PFR vs WFR (P<0.0001), and protein plus total fat intake were overestimated with the PFR (P=0.008, P<0.0001, respectively).

Conclusions: The study indicates that the PFR may be a valuable tool for measuring energy, energy-yielding nutrients and foods in groups of 9-month-olds infants and 36-month-olds young children.
Keyword Dietary assessment
Doubly labeled water
Energy expenditure
Energy intake
Pre-coded food record
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collection: School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 8 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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