Can the Air Pollution Index be used to communicate the health risks of air pollution?

Li, Li, Lin, Guo-Zhen, Liu, Hua-Zhang, Guo, Yuming, Ou, Chun-Quan and Chen, Ping-Yan (2015) Can the Air Pollution Index be used to communicate the health risks of air pollution?. Environmental Pollution, 205 153-160. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.05.038

Author Li, Li
Lin, Guo-Zhen
Liu, Hua-Zhang
Guo, Yuming
Ou, Chun-Quan
Chen, Ping-Yan
Title Can the Air Pollution Index be used to communicate the health risks of air pollution?
Journal name Environmental Pollution   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0269-7491
Publication date 2015-06-11
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.envpol.2015.05.038
Open Access Status
Volume 205
Start page 153
End page 160
Total pages 8
Place of publication Doetinchem, The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
The validity of using the Air Pollution Index (API) to assess health impacts of air pollution and potential modification by individual characteristics on air pollution effects remain uncertain. We applied distributed lag non-linear models (DLNMs) to assess associations of daily API, specific pollution indices for PM10, SO2, NO2 and the weighted combined API (APIw) with mortality during 2003–2011 in Guangzhou, China. An increase of 10 in API was associated with a 0.88% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.50, 1.27%) increase of non-accidental mortality at lag 0–2 days. Harvesting effects appeared after 2 days’ exposure. The effect estimate of API over lag 0–15 days was statistically significant and similar with those of pollutant-specific indices and APIw. Stronger associations between API and mortality were observed in the elderly, females and residents with low educational attainment. In conclusion, the API can be used to communicate health risks of air pollution.
Keyword Air Pollution Index
Risk communication
Harvesting (mortality displacement)
Vulnerable populations
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Public Health Publications
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Citation counts: TR Web of Science Citation Count  Cited 2 times in Thomson Reuters Web of Science Article | Citations
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Created: Fri, 12 Jun 2015, 10:53:41 EST by Yuming Guo on behalf of School of Public Health