The first crusade : origins and impact

The first crusade : origins and impact. Edited by Phillips, Jonathan (Jonathan P.) Manchester, UK ; New York, NY: Manchester University Press ; New York, NY, 1997.

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Title The first crusade : origins and impact
Language of Title eng
Place of Publication Manchester, UK ; New York, NY
Publisher Manchester University Press ; New York, NY
Publication year 1997
Sub-type Edited book
Open Access Status
ISBN 0719049857 (cloth)
0719051746 (pbk.)
Language eng
Editor Phillips, Jonathan (Jonathan P.)
Total number of pages xvi, 202
Subjects 430108 History - European
Formatted Abstract/Summary

Introduction /​ Jonathan Riley-Smith
1. Patronage and the appeal of the First Crusade /​ John France
2. Peter the Hermit and the chroniclers /​ Colin Morris
3. The diplomatic of the First Crusade /​ Marcus Bull
4. The First Crusade: reviewing the evidence /​ Susan Edgington
5. The Chronicle of Zimmern as a source for the First Crusade /​ Alan V. Murray
6. Cross-purposes: Alexius Comnenus and the First Crusade /​ Jonathan Shepard
7. The First Crusade: the Muslim perspective /​ Carole Hillenbrand
8. The principality of Antioch and the Jabal as-Summaq /​ Thomas Asbridge
9. Captured property on the First Crusade /​ William G. Zajac
Postscript /​ Jonathan Phillips.


When on 27 November 1095 Pope Urban II called on Christians to fight a penitential war-pilgrimage to recover the Holy Sepulchre, he cannot have known that he was initiating a movement which was to last for seven centuries and was to involve millions of men and women in many theatres of war, as fighters or opponents or victims, and millions of others, who were to pay taxes in support or attend services of intercession or suffer in the absence of fathers, husbands or children. Crusading used to be regarded as something peripheral to the mainstream of history, but there is now a growing realisation that it was of central importance to nearly every country in Europe and the Near East until the Reformation and that it played a significant role in the relations between the Catholic West and the Ottoman empire thereafter.

And it has a bearing on modern politics. What chain of ideas, hatreds and obsessions links the First Holocaust - the pogrom against Jewish communities which was the opening act of the First Crusade - and the 'Final Solution'? What part did the crusades against Greeks and Russians play in the formation of modern Orthodox hostility to Catholicism? Acts of violence have been perpetrated by Christians and Muslims in the Lebanon, Bosnia and parts of the former Soviet Union. There is talk of the re-emergence of holy war and of the lasting effects of the crusades on relations between Christians and Muslims, even if the demonising of the crusaders by Muslims has much more to do with nationalist reactions to the West since the late nineteenth century. Professional historians, therefore, can do the modern world a service by taking a long hard look at the movement and the revival of crusades studies in recent years may well be a response to contemporary imperatives.

The strength of the subject in Britain - and the youthfulness of so many of those involved in it - is demonstrated in these essays. The contributions of Thomas Asbridge - on the importance of geography to the struggles between the crusade leaders - and of William Zajac - on the conventions of engagement that were applicable even in the confusion that prevailed in Syria - reveal how much work still needs to be done on the details of the campaign, but the chief message of this collection is that, although we may have thought we knew what the crusade was about, our knowledge is based on such deficient and inadequate source material that we should pause and think again.

Of the nine essays published here no fewer than six deal directly or indirectly with sources.   ......................
Keyword Crusades -- First, 1096-1099
Crusades -- First, 1096-1099 -- Congresses
Q-Index Code AX
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Unknown
Additional Notes Based on papers presented at the London Centre for the Study of the Crusades conference "Deus Vult: The Origins and Impact of the First Crusade", held at the Institute of Historical Research, London, 11-25-1995.

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Created: Thu, 11 Jun 2015, 19:45:18 EST by Ms Christine Heslehurst on behalf of Scholarly Communication and Digitisation Service