An abattoir survey of equine dental abnormalities in Queensland, Australia

Chinkangsadarn, T, Wilson, G, Greer, RM, Pollitt, CC and Bird, PS (2015) An abattoir survey of equine dental abnormalities in Queensland, Australia. Australian Veterinary Journal, 93 6: 189-194. doi:10.1111/avj.12327


Author Chinkangsadarn, T
Wilson, G
Greer, RM
Pollitt, CC
Bird, PS
Title An abattoir survey of equine dental abnormalities in Queensland, Australia
Journal name Australian Veterinary Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1751-0813
0005-0423
Publication date 2015-06
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/avj.12327
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 93
Issue 6
Start page 189
End page 194
Total pages 6
Place of publication Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Subject 3400 Veterinary
Formatted abstract
Objective
A cadaver study to estimate the prevalence of dental disorders in horses presented at an abattoir in Queensland, Australia.

Methods
Cadaver heads at a Queensland abattoir were examined for the presence of dental abnormalities and categorised into age groups. The prevalence of abnormalities was analysed by binomial observation of observed proportion, Pearson's Chi-square test or Fisher's exact correlation test. Strength of association was evaluated using Cramer's V test.

Results
Heads from horses (n = 400) estimated to be between 1 and 30 years of age were placed into four age groups. The most common abnormalities were sharp enamel points (55.3%) and hooks (43%). The highest frequency of dental diseases and abnormalities were in horses 11–15 years old (97.5%).

Conclusions
Common abnormalities were found in all groups and the prevalence increased with age. This study suggests that all horses should have regular complete dental examinations to detect and treat dental disorders in order to limit more severe dental pathologies later in life.
Keyword Abattoir survey
Dental abnormalities
Equine dentistry
Horses
Queensland
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Veterinary Science Publications
 
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