Factors associated with work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grade II-III: a cross-sectional analysis

Agnew, Louise, Johnston, Venerina, Ludvigsson, Maria Landén, Peterson, Gunnel, Overmeer, Thomas, Johansson, Gun and Peolsson, Anneli (2015) Factors associated with work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grade II-III: a cross-sectional analysis. Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, 47 6: 546-551. doi:10.2340/16501977-1960

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Author Agnew, Louise
Johnston, Venerina
Ludvigsson, Maria Landén
Peterson, Gunnel
Overmeer, Thomas
Johansson, Gun
Peolsson, Anneli
Title Factors associated with work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grade II-III: a cross-sectional analysis
Journal name Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1650-1977
1651-2081
Publication date 2015-06-01
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.2340/16501977-1960
Open Access Status File (Publisher version)
Volume 47
Issue 6
Start page 546
End page 551
Total pages 6
Place of publication Uppsala, Sweden
Publisher Foundation for Rehabilitation Information
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Objective: To investigate the factors related to self-perceived work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grades II–III.

Design: Cross-sectional analysis.

Patients: A total of 166 working age patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder.

Methods: A comprehensive survey collected data on work ability (using the Work Ability Index); demographic, psychosocial, personal, work- and condition-related factors. Forward, stepwise regression modelling was used to assess the factors related to work ability.

Results: The proportion of patients in each work ability category were as follows: poor (12.7%); moderate (39.8%); good (38.5%); excellent (9%). Seven factors explained 65% (adjusted R2 = 0.65, p < 0.01) of the variance in work ability. In descending order of strength of association, these factors are: greater neck disability due to pain; reduced self-rated health status and health-related quality of life; increased frequency of concentration problems; poor workplace satisfaction; lower self-efficacy for performing daily tasks; and greater work-related stress.

Conclusion: Condition-specific and psychosocial factors are associated with self-perceived work ability of individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorder.
Keyword Neck pain and disability
Whiplash-associated disorders
Work ability
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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