The meaning of leisure for children and young people with physical disabilities: a systematic evidence synthesis

Powrie, Benita, Kolehmainen, Niina, Turpin, Merrill, Ziviani, Jenny and Copley, Jodie (2015) The meaning of leisure for children and young people with physical disabilities: a systematic evidence synthesis. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 57 11: 993-1010. doi:10.1111/dmcn.12788


Author Powrie, Benita
Kolehmainen, Niina
Turpin, Merrill
Ziviani, Jenny
Copley, Jodie
Title The meaning of leisure for children and young people with physical disabilities: a systematic evidence synthesis
Journal name Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1469-8749
0012-1622
Publication date 2015-05-04
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/dmcn.12788
Volume 57
Issue 11
Start page 993
End page 1010
Total pages 18
Place of publication West Sussex, United Kingdom
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Aim: Participation in leisure has known health benefits. Children and young people (CYP) with physical disabilities demonstrate reduced participation in leisure. To facilitate their meaningful participation, one must understand what leisure means to CYP. The aim of this study was to systematically synthesize evidence from qualitative studies on the meaning of leisure for CYP with physical disabilities.

Methods: CINAHL, MEDLINE, AMED, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and ERIC were searched periodically from January 2012 until May 2013. Qualitative studies reporting the views of CYP (0-18y) with physical disabilities on leisure participation were included. The analysis involved thematic syntheses, double coding, and established quality appraisal procedures.

Results: Twelve studies met inclusion criteria, addressing the leisure experiences of 146 CYP with disabilities. Four themes core to the meaning of leisure for these CYP were (1) 'fun': the enjoyment and pleasure experienced from leisure; (2) 'freedom' of choice and from constraints; (3) 'fulfilment': discovering, developing, and displaying potential; and (4) 'friendship': social connectedness and belonging.

Interpretation: The identified themes resonate with the psychological needs outlined by self-determination theory: fun relates to satisfaction and intrinsic motivation; freedom relates to 'autonomy'; fulfilment relates to a belief in 'competence'; and friendship resonates with 'relatedness'. Social context had an impact on all of these themes, indicating that this is an important target for leisure participation interventions.
Keyword Leisure
Social health
Children and youth
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences Publications
 
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