Diabetic foot complications in a secondary foot hospital: A clinical audit

Ismail, Ibrahim, Dhanapathy, Ashwini, Gandhi, Arjun and Kannan, Shanthi (2015) Diabetic foot complications in a secondary foot hospital: A clinical audit. Australasian Medical Journal, 8 4: 106-112. doi:10.4066/AMJ.2015.2274

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Author Ismail, Ibrahim
Dhanapathy, Ashwini
Gandhi, Arjun
Kannan, Shanthi
Title Diabetic foot complications in a secondary foot hospital: A clinical audit
Journal name Australasian Medical Journal   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1836-1935
Publication date 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.4066/AMJ.2015.2274
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 8
Issue 4
Start page 106
End page 112
Total pages 7
Place of publication Perth, Australia
Publisher Australasian Medical Journal
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Previous studies conducted in Australian hospital settings suggest high variability in assessments, investigations, and management of diabetic foot infections and poor adherence to widely accessible evidence-based protocols and guidelines. Diabetic foot complications require a multidisciplinary approach and often involve both medical and surgical teams during inpatient care.

Aims: The aim of this clinical audit was to better understand the scope of diabetes-related foot complications, evaluate whether current assessment and management strategies are in line with best practice guidelines, and to formulate future models of care.

Methods: A retrospective review of patients was carried out between 12 July 2012 and 11 July 2013. Recorded assessments of inpatient care, including risk factors, surgery, and length of stay, interdepartmental referrals, and antibiotic administration were reviewed.

Results: There were 24 admissions in 12 months (total patients n=19). Fifty-eight per cent of patients were admitted to the medical ward. More than a quarter had evidence of osteomyelitis. While one patient required intensive care unit (ICU) management, there was no inpatient mortality. Two patients experienced significant delay to undergo initial surgical intervention presumably because of failed medical treatment. Clinical data was recorded poorly, especially regarding neuropathy, HbA1c, and clinical examination findings. Twelve per cent of patients did not undergo any follow-up. The average length of stay was 12 days. One-half of the cohort was not evaluated by the endocrinology department.

Conclusion: This audit highlights the need for improved care for patients with diabetic foot complications and better coordination among the multidisciplinary teams involved.
Keyword Audit
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Provisional Code
Institutional Status Non-UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Non HERDC
School of Dentistry Publications
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