The dual effect of sodium halides on the formation of methane gas hydrate

Nguyen, Ngoc N. and Nguyen, Anh V. (2015) The dual effect of sodium halides on the formation of methane gas hydrate. Fuel, 156 87-95. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2015.04.022


Author Nguyen, Ngoc N.
Nguyen, Anh V.
Title The dual effect of sodium halides on the formation of methane gas hydrate
Journal name Fuel   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 0016-2361
1873-7153
Publication date 2015-09
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1016/j.fuel.2015.04.022
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 156
Start page 87
End page 95
Total pages 9
Place of publication Oxford, United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract Inorganic salts are known to inhibit the formation of gas hydrates. Here we show the duality of sodium halides of submolar concentration in affecting the formation of methane gas hydrates. Sodium halides, especially NaI, at low concentration effectively promote methane hydrate formation while they all turn to be an inhibitor at high concentration. Maximum gas consumption, growth rate and induction time were experimentally determined as a function of salt type and concentration. We explain the dual effect of salts by the hydrophobic hydration. The promoting effect of dilute sodium halides is due to the fact that large and polarizable anions (e.g. iodide) behave as hydrophobic entities and interact with surrounding water molecules to form hydrophobic hydration shells whose water structure is similar to that of hydrophobic hydration shells of methane. Since hydrophobic hydration of methane in neat water is thermodynamically unfavourable because it associates with a negative entropy change and a partial loss in the hydrogen-bonded network, the structurally similar shells of halide ions facilitate the process of entropy change and, therefore, facilitate gas hydrate nucleation. Our proposal also explains the decrease in the promoting capability of salts in the order from iodide to fluoride because of the decrease in hydrophobicity of the halide ions. The inhibition effect of salts at high concentration is explained by the advantageous competition of the halide ions with methane gas molecules to gain water for hydration as well as their radical effect on distorting the water structure. Our hypothesis is experimentally supported by the difference in the salt recovery into hydrates and the hydrophobicity (measured by contact angle) of halide ions. Further research is required to obtain a fuller insight of the influence of salts and additives on gas hydrate formation.
Keyword Methane
Gas hydrate
Salt effect
Hydrophobic hydration
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: School of Chemical Engineering Publications
Official 2016 Collection
 
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