The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study

Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L., Pacheco, Kyla, Tomaz, Simone A., Karpul, David and Lambert, Estelle V. (2015) The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study. BMC Public Health, 15 1: Art. No.: 518-Art. No.: 518. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-1853-8

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Author Kolbe-Alexander, Tracy L.
Pacheco, Kyla
Tomaz, Simone A.
Karpul, David
Lambert, Estelle V.
Title The relationship between the built environment and habitual levels of physical activity in South African older adults: a pilot study
Journal name BMC Public Health   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1471-2458
Publication date 2015-05-30
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1186/s12889-015-1853-8
Open Access Status DOI
Volume 15
Issue 1
Start page Art. No.: 518
End page Art. No.: 518
Total pages 9
Place of publication London, United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Formatted abstract
Background: Previous research has shown that the built environment plays a role in habitual levels of physical activity (PA), however much of this research has been conducted in adults and higher income countries. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the strength of association between the built environment and PA in South African older adults.

Methods: Participants were recruited (n = 44, mean age 65 ± 8.5 years) from two suburbs, representing either a high socioeconomic (HSA) or low socioeconomic area (LSA). Self-reported PA, and subjective assessments of neighborhood walkability (Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale, NEWS) was measured. Participants wore Actigraph GT3x accelerometers to objectively quantify PA.

Results: HSA participants reported significantly more leisure-time and less transport PA. Objectively measured and
self-reported MVPA was significantly higher in HSA participants. NEWS ‘Land-use Mix’ was negatively associated with leisure-time MVPA, (r2 = 0.20; p < 0.02). In addition, neighborhood aesthetics was positively associated with leisure-time physical activity (r2 = 0.33; p = 0.02). ‘Safety from traffic’ was inversely associated with travel-related PA (r2 = 0.14, p = 0.01). None of the other NEWS scores were associated with PA for the total group.

Conclusion: Leisure-time and transport-related PA was influenced by socio-economic status. Attributes of the perceived built environment associated with leisure-time and total MVPA in older South Africa adults were different in low- and high- income settings.
Keyword Built environment
Physical activity
Older adults
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences Publications
 
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Created: Fri, 05 Jun 2015, 14:26:59 EST by Tracy Kolbe-alexander on behalf of School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences