The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries

Guillaume, Esther, Baranski, Erica, Todd, Elysia, Bastian, Brock, Bronin, Igor, Ivanova, Christina, Cheng, Joey T, de Kock, Francois S, Denissen, Jaap J.A, Gallardo-Pujol, David, Halama, Peter, Han, Gyuseog Q, Bae, Jaechang, Moon, Jungsoon, Hong, Ryan Y, Hrebickova, Martina, Graf, Sylvie, Izdebski, Pawel, Lundmann, Lars, Penke, Lars, Perugini, Marco, Costantini, Giulio, Rauthmann, John, Ziegler, Matthias, Realo, Anu, Elme, Liisalotte, Sato, Tatsuya, Kawamoto, Shizuka, Szarota, Piotr, Tracy, Jessica L, van Aken, Marcel A.G, Yang, Yu and Funder, David C (2015) The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries. Journal of Personality, 84 4: 493-509. doi:10.1111/jopy.12176

Author Guillaume, Esther
Baranski, Erica
Todd, Elysia
Bastian, Brock
Bronin, Igor
Ivanova, Christina
Cheng, Joey T
de Kock, Francois S
Denissen, Jaap J.A
Gallardo-Pujol, David
Halama, Peter
Han, Gyuseog Q
Bae, Jaechang
Moon, Jungsoon
Hong, Ryan Y
Hrebickova, Martina
Graf, Sylvie
Izdebski, Pawel
Lundmann, Lars
Penke, Lars
Perugini, Marco
Costantini, Giulio
Rauthmann, John
Ziegler, Matthias
Realo, Anu
Elme, Liisalotte
Sato, Tatsuya
Kawamoto, Shizuka
Szarota, Piotr
Tracy, Jessica L
van Aken, Marcel A.G
Yang, Yu
Funder, David C
Title The World at 7:00: Comparing the Experience of Situations Across 20 Countries
Journal name Journal of Personality   Check publisher's open access policy
ISSN 1467-6494
Publication date 2015-05-07
Year available 2015
Sub-type Article (original research)
DOI 10.1111/jopy.12176
Open Access Status Not yet assessed
Volume 84
Issue 4
Start page 493
End page 509
Total pages 17
Place of publication Hoboken, United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Collection year 2016
Language eng
Abstract The purpose of this research is to quantitatively compare everyday situational experience around the world. Local collaborators recruited 5,447 members of college communities in 20 countries, who provided data via a Web site in 14 languages. Using the 89 items of the Riverside Situational Q-sort (RSQ), participants described the situation they experienced the previous evening at 7:00 p.m. Correlations among the average situational profiles of each country ranged from r = .73 to r = .95; the typical situation was described as largely pleasant. Most similar were the United States/Canada; least similar were South Korea/Denmark. Japan had the most homogenous situational experience; South Korea, the least. The 15 RSQ items varying the most across countries described relatively negative aspects of situational experience; the 15 least varying items were more positive. Further analyses correlated RSQ items with national scores on six value dimensions, the Big Five traits, economic output, and population. Individualism, Neuroticism, Openness, and Gross Domestic Product yielded more significant correlations than expected by chance. Psychological research traditionally has paid more attention to the assessment of persons than of situations, a discrepancy that extends to cross-cultural psychology. The present study demonstrates how cultures vary in situational experience in psychologically meaningful ways.
Q-Index Code C1
Q-Index Status Confirmed Code
Institutional Status UQ

Document type: Journal Article
Sub-type: Article (original research)
Collections: Official 2016 Collection
School of Psychology Publications
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